Epidemiology of Prehypertension and Associated Risk Factors in Urban Adults From 33 Communities in China : The CHPSNE Study

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著者

    • MENG Xiu-Jun
    • Division of Neurology, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University
    • DONG Guang-Hui
    • Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University
    • WANG Da
    • Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University
    • LIU Miao-Miao
    • Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University
    • LIU Yu-Qin
    • Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University
    • ZHAO Yang
    • Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University
    • DENG Wei-Wei
    • Department of Geriatrics, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University
    • TIAN Shen
    • Division of Neurology, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University
    • MENG Xin
    • Department of Geriatrics, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University
    • ZHANG Hai-Yan
    • Department of Geriatrics, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University

抄録

<b><i>Background:</i></b> The Seventh Report of The Joint National Committee has recently introduced the prehypertension category of blood pressure (BP) status that needs monitoring and intervention. Little is known about the epidemiology of prehypertension in urban China, so this study aimed at estimating the prevalence of prehypertension and identifying risk factors in urban Chinese adults. <b><i>Methods and Results:</i></b> Using a multistage cluster and random sampling method, a representative sample of 25,196 urban adults aged 18-74 years in northeast of China was selected from 2009 to 2010. The survey of BP and associated risk factors was carried out in 33 communities. Multiple logistic regression methods were used to identify risk factors for prehypertension. Overall, 40.5% of urban Chinese adults had prehypertension, with a prevalence of 47.7% and 33.6% in men and women, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed the risk factors of being overweight (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]=1.38, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.26-1.52), obesity (aOR=3.94, 95%CI: 2.99-5.20), central obesity (aOR=2.13, 95%CI: 1.96-2.32). Being female, and having a higher education level, higher family income and diet control were protective factors. <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> Prehypertension is common among urban residents in China, and is associated with many risk factors. Comprehensive lifestyle modifications need to be taken to decrease the incidence of prehypertension and to prevent prehypertension progressing to hypertension and cardiovascular disease. (<i>Circ J</i> 2012; <b>76:</b> 900-906)<br>

収録刊行物

  • Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society

    Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society 76(4), 900-906, 2012-03-25

    一般社団法人 日本循環器学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10030131250
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11591968
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13469843
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  J-STAGE 
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