Urbanization, Life Style Changes and the Incidence/In-Hospital Mortality of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Japan : Report From the MIYAGI-AMI Registry Study

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著者

    • HAO Kiyotaka
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • YASUDA Satoshi
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • TAKII Toru
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • ITO Yoshitaka
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • TAKAHASHI Jun
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • ITO Kenta
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • NAKAYAMA Masaharu
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • SHIBA Nobuyuki
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • FUKUMOTO Yoshihiro
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • SHIMOKAWA Hiroaki
    • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine

抄録

<b><i>Background:</i></b> It remains to be examined whether urbanization and lifestyle changes are associated with the incidence and mortality from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Japan. <b><i>Methods and Results:</i></b> A total of 19,921 AMI patients (male/female 14,290/5,631) registered by the MIYAGI-AMI Registry Study from 1988 to 2009 were divided into 2 groups according to their residences; inside (urban area, n=7,316) and outside (rural area, n=11,402) of Sendai City. From 1988 to 2009, the incidence of AMI (/100,000 persons/year) increased more rapidly in the rural area (24.2 to 51.4) than in the urban area (31.3 to 40.8) (P<0.001), with rapid aging in both areas. Moreover, from 1998 to 2009, the age-adjusted incidence of AMI in young (<44 years) and middle-aged (45-64 years) male patients (both P<0.05) in the rural area increased significantly, along with a markedly increased prevalence of dyslipidemia (P<0.001). Although in-hospital mortality from AMI decreased in both areas over the last 20 years (both P<0.001), it remained relatively higher in female than in male patients and was associated with higher age of the onset, longer elapsing time for admission and lower prevalence of primary coronary intervention in female patients in both areas. <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> These results demonstrate that urbanization and lifestyle changes have been associated with the incidence and mortality from AMI, although sex differences still remain to be improved. (<i>Circ J</i> 2012; <b>76:</b> 1136-1144)<br>

収録刊行物

  • Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society

    Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society 76(5), 1136-1144, 2012-04-25

    一般社団法人 日本循環器学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10030132422
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11591968
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13469843
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  J-STAGE 
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