外面を急速加熱したパイプに生じる残留応力分布に及ぼす板厚内の温度分布の影響 : レーザ外面加熱残留応力改善法(L-SIP)の開発 Study on Residual Stress across the Pipes' Thickness Using Outer Surface Rapid Heating : Development of Pipe Outer Surface Irradiated Laser Stress Improvement Process (L-SIP)
The new process called L-SIP (outer surface irradiated Laser Stress Improvement Process) is developed to improve the tensile residual stress of the inner surface near the butt welded joints of pipes in the compression stress. The temperature gradient occurs in the thickness of pipes in heating the outer surface rapidly by laser beam. By the thermal expansion difference between the inner surface and the outer surface, the compression plastic strain generates near the outer surface and the tensile plastic strain generates near the inner surface of pipes. The compression stress occurs near the inner surface of pipes by the plastic deformation.<br>In this paper, the theoretical equation which calculates residual stress distribution from the inherent strain distribution in the thickness of pipes is derived. And, the relation between the distribution of temperature and the residual stress in the thickness is examined for various pipes size. (1) By rapidly heating from the outer surface, the residual stress near the inner surface of the pipe is improved to the compression stress. (2) Pipes size hardly affects the distribution of the residual stress in the stainless steel pipes for piping (JISG3459). (3) The temperature rising area from the outside is smaller, the area of the compression residual stress near the inner surface becomes wider.
- 溶接学会論文集 : quarterly journal of the Japan Welding Society
溶接学会論文集 : quarterly journal of the Japan Welding Society 27(4), 316-324, 2010-01-20