輸出科学の時代 : 日本列島の地体構造区分・造山運動研究史 At the Stage of "Exporting Science" : A Historical Review of Studies on the Geotectonic Subdivision and Orogeny of the Japanese Islands

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著者

    • 磯崎 行雄 ISOZAKI Yukio
    • 東京大学大学院総合文化研究科宇宙地球科学教室 Department of Earth Science and Astronomy, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
    • 丸山 茂徳 MARUYAMA Shigenori
    • 東京工業大学大学院理工学研究科地球惑星科学専攻 Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology

抄録

 A new historical review is presented on the progress of the geological sciences in Japan since the Meiji revolution in 1868. Geological knowledge, particularly studies of the geotectonic evolution and orogenic aspects, of the Japanese Islands has progressed through three distinct phases; (1) non-science stage, (2) colonial science stage, and (3) independent science stage, as modeled by Basalla (1967), who demonstrated a general pattern of transplanting cutting-edge scientific/technological knowledge from western Europe to the rest of the world. During the “non-science” stage from the 1860s to the 1890s, major geological aspects of the Japanese Islands, together with discoveries of unusual rocks, fossils etc., were initially described by foreign geologists (<i>e.g.</i> E. Naumann). In contrast, almost nothing was contributed by domestic geologists. During the “colonial science” stage, from the 1900s to the 1980s, research and education systems were transplanted effectively from western European countries. For example, applying the purely imported concept of geosyncline, the geotectonic history of the Japanese Islands was summarized for the first time by domestic geologists (<i>e.g.</i>, Kobayashi, 1941; Minato <i>et al.</i>, 1965 etc.). The almost unidirectional acceptance of plate tectonics also followed at this stage, with the exception of the rare but outstanding contribution of A. Miyashiro during the 1960s-1970s. During the “independent science” stage from the 1980s, various new ideas and original techniques in geology were proposed by Japanese geologists with lesser help from the western countries than before; <i>i.e.</i>, practical criteria for identifying ancient accretionary complex, exhumation tectonic of ultrahigh to high-P/T metamorphic rocks, and subhorizontal growth framework of subduction-related orogens. Furthermore, in the first decade of the 21<sup>st</sup> century, the geological science in Japan entered stage of (4), “exporting science” with the introduction of new paradigms, such as the application of detrital zircon chronology to subduction-related orogens, which efficiently recognizes new geotectonic subdivisions and allows paleogeographical reconstruction with much higher resolution than before. These new paradigms (ideas, techniques) from Japan are now on sale for applying to the rest of the world.

収録刊行物

  • 地學雜誌

    地學雜誌 119(2), 378-391, 2010-04-25

    公益社団法人 東京地学協会

参考文献:  72件中 1-72件 を表示

被引用文献:  9件中 1-9件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10030369072
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00322536
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    0022135X
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    10705028
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM41(科学技術--地球科学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z15-169
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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