白亜紀における大規模火山活動と地球環境変動のリンク Linkage between Massive Volcanic Events and Global Extreme Climatic Events in the Cretaceous Period

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著者

    • 黒田 潤一郎 KURODA Junichiro
    • 独立行政法人海洋研究開発機構地球内部ダイナミクス領域 Institute for Research on Earth Evolution, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)
    • 鈴木 勝彦 SUZUKI Katsuhiko
    • 独立行政法人海洋研究開発機構地球内部ダイナミクス領域 Institute for Research on Earth Evolution, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)

抄録

 Although causal linkages between massive volcanic events and extreme climatic events have long been discussed, no consensus has been established. Recent developments of heavy metal isotope analyses such as lead (Pb) and osmium (Os) enable us to reconstruct detailed volcanic events from marine sedimentary records. Based on these isotopic records, we have investigated temporal relationship between massive volcanic events associated with large igneous provinces (LIPs) and Cretaceous Oceanic Anoxic Events (OAEs). In this paper we overview recent work on mid-Cretaceous OAE-1a (120 Ma) and OAE-2 (94 Ma) and their linkages with Ontong Java Plateau and Caribbean/Madagascar LIPs, respectively.<br> Marine sediments deposited across the early Aptian OAE-1a show two prominent negative shifts of seawater osmium isotopic ratios, suggesting duplicate inputs of unradiogenic osmium from the mantle. The lead isotopic record suggests that the main part of the Ontong Java Plateau was formed by deep submarine eruptions. On the other hand, marine sediments deposited across the end-Cenomanian OAE-2 interval indicate an abrupt shift of Pb isotopic ratios, suggesting an increased supply of volcanic Pb via subaerial eruption. Our data indicate strong consistency between magmatic events and extreme climatic events for both OAE-1a and OAE-2, although the eruption processes differ. A more precise discussion of the causal mechanisms between these events will be presented in the near future.

収録刊行物

  • 地學雜誌

    地學雜誌 119(3), 534-555, 2010-06-25

    公益社団法人 東京地学協会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10030369598
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00322536
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    0022135X
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    10758172
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM41(科学技術--地球科学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z15-169
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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