体幹深部筋群に対する運動介入が立位重心動揺に及ぼす影響 The Effects of Exercise Intervention Focusing on Deep Muscles of the Trunk on Postural Sway

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著者

    • 種本 翔 TANEMOTO SHO
    • 川崎医療福祉大学大学院 医療技術学研究科 健康科学専攻 Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Science and Technology, Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare
    • 渡邉 進 WATANABE SUSUMU
    • 川崎医療福祉大学 医療技術学部 リハビリテーション学科 Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Science and Technology, Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare Rigakuryoho

抄録

〔目的〕運動制御への関与や固有受容器としての役割が注目されている体幹深部筋群への運動介入が,重心動揺に及ぼす影響を明らかにすることを目的とした.〔対象〕立位,歩行の自立した運動器疾患患者20名とした.〔方法〕運動課題は,腹部引き込み運動と下肢運動とし,それぞれ引き込み運動と下肢運動とした.介入前後での重心動揺を2群間で比較した.〔結果〕腹部引き込み運動群では,有意に総軌跡長,外周面積,矩形面積の減少,単位面積軌跡長の増加を認めた.一方,下肢運動群では,介入前後で有意な変化は認められなかった.〔結語〕体幹深部筋に対する運動介入は,重心動揺を安定させることが示された.<br>

<br> [Purpose] Deep muscles of the trunk are attracting attention because of their involvement in motor control and as proprioceptors. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of exercise intervention focusing on these muscles on postural sway. [Subjects] Twenty patients who could stand and walk independently participated in this study. [Method] Subjects were assigned randomly to perform one of two motor tasks: drawing in the abdomen, or leg exercise. Postural sway was measured using center of pressure (COP) before the intervention, and exercise was performed for 3 min. Subjects rested for 3 min, then COP was measured again. COP before and after the exercise was compared between the two groups. [Results] In the group with the task of drawing in the abdomen, significant decreases were observed in total length of COP, envelope area, and rectangular area, and a significant increase was observed in length/envelope area ratio. In the leg exercise group, no significant changes were seen between before and after the intervention. [Conclusion] These results suggest that exercise intervention for deep muscles of the trunk may help to stabilize postural sway.<br>

収録刊行物

  • 理学療法科学

    理学療法科学 27(1), 47-50, 2012-02-20

    理学療法科学学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10030483186
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10472896
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13411667
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    023554339
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z7-1893
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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