Factors which determine the duration of follower potentials in longitudinal smooth muscle isolated from the guinea-pig stomach antrum

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    • KITO Yoshihiko
    • Department of Cell Physiology, Nagoya City University Medical School
    • SUZUKI Hikaru
    • Department of Cell Physiology, Nagoya City University Medical School


In isolated longitudinal muscle tissues of the guinea-pig stomach antrum, recording electrical responses from smooth muscle cells revealed a periodical generation of follower potentials with variable durations. The I-D relationship, made by plotting the duration as a function of the interval before generating follower potential, was linear. Experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of chemicals which had been known to modulate the release of Ca<sup>2+</sup> from the internal stores (2-aminoethoxy-diphenyl-borate, cyclopiazonic acid, caffeine), inhibit mitochondrial metabolic activity (<i>m</i>-chlorophenyl hydrazone, 2-deoxy-D-glucose, potassium cyanide, rotenone), inhibit ATP-sensitive K-channels distributed in mitochondria (glibenclamide, 5-hydroxydecanoic acid) and inhibit the activity of proteinkinase C (chelerythrine), on the I-D relationship of follower potentials. The effects of depolarization on follower potentials were assessed by stimulating tissues with high potassium solution. Experiments were carried out mainly in the presence of nifedipine which minimized the movements of muscles with no modulation of follower potentials. Cycropiazonic acid and caffeine reduced the slope of I-D relationship, with associated reduction of the duration and frequency of follower potentials. 2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate reduced the duration and amplitude and increased the frequency of follower potentials, with depolarization of the membrane, and the effects were simulated by high potassium solution. <i>m</i>-Chlorophenyl hydrazone, potassium cyanide, 2-deoxy-D-glucose, rotenone, 5-hydroxydecanoic acid and glibenclamide reduced the slope of I-D relationship, with associated reduction of the frequency of follower potentials. Chelerythrine did not modulate the slope of I-D relationship, with reduced frequency of follower potentials. It seemed likely that the amount of Ca<sup>2+</sup> released from the internal stores and also mitochondrial function had causal relationship to the duration of pacemaker potentials, suggesting that internal Ca-stores and mitochondria are taking the central role for determining the duration of the pacemaker activity. Proteinkinase C did not seem to participate to the function of mitochondria and internal Ca<sup>2+</sup> stores.


  • Journal of Smooth Muscle Research

    Journal of Smooth Muscle Research 47(3), 89-110, 2011-08-01

    Japan Society of Smooth Muscle Research

References:  78


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