Real-time ESI-MS of Enzymatic Conversion : Impact of Organic Solvents and Multiplexing

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Different enzymatic assays were characterized systematically by real-time electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) in the presence of organic solvents as well as in multiplex approaches and in a combination of both. Typically, biological enzymatic reactions are studied in aqueous solutions, since most enzymes show their full activity solely in aqueous solutions. However, in recent years, the use of organic solvents in combination with enzymatic reactions has gained increasing interest due to biotechnological advantages in chemical synthesis, development of online coupled setups screening for enzyme regulatory compounds, advantages regarding mass spectrometric detection and others. In the current study, the influence of several common organic solvents (methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, acetone, acetonitrile) on enzymatic activity (hen egg white lysozyme, chitinase, α-chymotrypsin, elastase from human neutrophils and porcine pancreas, acetylcholinesterase) was tested. Moreover, multiplexing is a promising approach enabling fast and cost-efficient screening methods, <i>e.g</i>. for determination of inhibitors in complex mixtures or in the field of biomedical research. Although in multiplexed setups the enzymatic activity may be affected by the presence of other substrates and/or enzymes, the expected advantages possibly will predominate. To investigate those effects, we measured multiple enzymatic assays simultaneously. For all conducted measurements, the conversion rate of the substrate(s) was calculated, which reflects the enzymatic activity. The results provide an overview about the susceptibility of the selected enzymes towards diverse factors and a reference point for many applications in analytical chemistry and biotechnology.

収録刊行物

  • Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry

    Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 28(6), 607-612, 2012-06-10

    社団法人 日本分析化学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10030758115
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10500785
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09106340
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    023689219
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z54-F482
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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