軽度発達障害児と健常児の立位平衡機能の比較について Postural Sway in the Standing Position of Young Children with Mild Developmental Disorders

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著者

    • 松田 雅弘 MATSUDA TADAMITSU
    • 植草学園大学 健康医療学部 理学療法学科 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Uekusa Gakuen University
    • 新田 收 NITTA OSAMU
    • 首都大学東京大学院 人間健康科学研究科 Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University
    • 高梨 晃 TAKANASHI AKIRA
    • 了徳寺大学 健康科学部 理学療法学科 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Ryotokuji University
    • 野北 好春 NOGITA YOSHIHARU
    • 了徳寺大学 健康科学部 理学療法学科 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Ryotokuji University
    • 川田 教平 KAWADA KYOHEI
    • 了徳寺大学 健康科学部 理学療法学科 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Ryotokuji University

抄録

〔目的〕軽度発達障害児の立位バランス能力を重心動揺計にて定量的に評価した.〔対象〕対象は軽度発達障害児群17名(平均5.4歳),健常児群17名(平均5.4歳)の児童を対象とした.研究の対象者と対象者の親に対して,事前に本研究の目的と方法を説明し,研究協力の同意を得た.〔方法〕被験者は重心動揺計(ANIMA社製)の上で,開眼・閉眼,各30秒間静止立位保持をサンプリング周波数20 Hzにて計測を行った.〔結果〕開眼・閉眼時とも軽度発達障害児群において健常児群よりも有意に重心動揺・動揺速度が大きかった.〔結語〕幼児の静止立位の重心動揺の評価を行ったが,健常児群と比較して軽度発達障害児群で動揺が大きく,姿勢制御能力の未熟さのあることが考えられる.

[Purpose] We assessed the upright postural balance ability of children with mild developmental disorders. [Subjects] The subjects were 17 children with mild developmental disorders (mean age 5.4 years) and 17 healthy children (mean age 5.4 years) as a control group. Informed written consent was obtained from the parents of all the children. [Methods] Postural balance was measured with a stabilometer (Gravicorder Anima Co. Tokyo) during two trials of 30s under the two conditions of static upright posture with eyes open and eyes closed. The data sampling frequency was 20 Hz. Differences between the two groups were analyzed using Student's t-test and p<0.05 was deemed significant. [Results] Under both conditions, eyes open and eyes closed, standing postural sway and sway speed differed between the two groups (p<0.05). [Conclusion] Children with mild developmental disorders show more instability in postural balance, even with their eyes open, than normal children at a young age. Therefore, we think that mild developmental disorders delay the physical development of children from an early age.

収録刊行物

  • 理学療法科学

    理学療法科学 27(2), 129-133, 2012-04-20

    The Society of Physical Therapy Science

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10030767157
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10472896
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13411667
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    023782135
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z7-1893
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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