二次元尺度化による行動解析を用いた発達障害児におけるソーシャルスキルトレーニングの有効性評価  [in Japanese] Effectiveness of Social Skills Training for Children with Developmental Disorders : Behavioral Analysis Using a Two-Dimensional Motion Capture System  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 佐久間 隆介 SAKUMA Ryusuke
    • 国立精神・神経医療研究センター精神保健研究所知的障害研究部 Department of Developmental Disorders, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry
    • 軍司 敦子 GUNJI Atsuko
    • 国立精神・神経医療研究センター精神保健研究所知的障害研究部 Department of Developmental Disorders, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry
    • 後藤 隆章 GOTO Takaaki
    • 国立精神・神経医療研究センター精神保健研究所知的障害研究部 Department of Developmental Disorders, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry
    • 北 洋輔 KITA Yosuke
    • 国立精神・神経医療研究センター精神保健研究所知的障害研究部 Department of Developmental Disorders, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry
    • 小池 敏英 KOIKE Toshihide
    • 国立精神・神経医療研究センター精神保健研究所知的障害研究部 Department of Developmental Disorders, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry
    • 加我 牧子 KAGA Makiko
    • 国立精神・神経医療研究センター精神保健研究所知的障害研究部 Department of Developmental Disorders, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry
    • 稲垣 真澄 INAGAKI Masumi
    • 国立精神・神経医療研究センター精神保健研究所知的障害研究部 Department of Developmental Disorders, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry

Abstract

 コミュニケーション行動の習得にともなう行動変化の客観的な定量評価を目指し, 従来の行動観察法に加えて, 児の頭部方向を二次元平面上に展開する行動解析を行った. 発達障害児4名に, ソーシャルスキルトレーニング (SST) を行い, 前後の行動を比較した結果, ①コミュニケーション行動の増加と, ②ペア活動の相手を中心視野に捉えようとする注目行動の増加が認められた. ヒト位置情報の二次元尺度化は, ソーシャルスキルの治療的介入がもたらす行動における空間的時間的変化の可視化に有用であり, 従来の行動観察法を補う定量評価法の一つとして, 今後の応用が期待される.

  The current study sought to develop a new behavioral analysis methods to evaluate the effects of social skills training (SST). SST is known to be an effective method to improve the social skills of children with behavioral problems. However, current evaluation methods involve behavioral rating scales that are heavily dependent on evaluators' particular experiences they have had. To quantitatively examine the behavioral effects of SST, we examined subjects' head-movements related to social behavior, using a two-dimensional motion capture system (Kissei Comtec, Japan).<br>  Four children (three male, one female, 7-8 years of age) with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) participated in 16 sessions of SST. Before and after SST, head-coordinates on a two-dimensional plane were calculated using their behavior during a pair task, measured by four digital cameras.<br>  After SST, the number of communication behaviors was increased compared to before SST. In addition, children looked longer at another child within 30 degrees of the central visual field. Time-series analysis of the visual field during the detection of another child revealed significant auto-correlation from about -1.12 second. before to the beginning of communication behavior (p<0.05).<br>  The results suggested that our method can provide a quantitative index of characteristics related to skilled social behaviors. We conclude that a two-dimensional motion capture system would be useful for visualization of the interventional effects of SST, which would supplement assessments by the conventional observational strategies.

Journal

  • NO TO HATTATSU

    NO TO HATTATSU 44(4), 320-326, 2012-07-01

    The Japanese Society of Child Neurology

References:  22

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10030802016
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN0020232X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00290831
  • Data Source
    CJP  J-STAGE 
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