Cathepsin K-upregulation in fibroblasts promotes matrigel invasive ability of squamous cell carcinoma cells via tumor-derived IL-1α

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Author(s)

    • XIE Lining
    • Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
    • MOROI Yoichi
    • Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
    • HAYASHIDA Sayaka
    • Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
    • TSUJI Gaku
    • Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
    • TAKEUCHI Satoshi
    • Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
    • SHAN Baoen
    • Research Center, The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University
    • NAKAHARA Takeshi
    • Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
    • UCHI Hiroshi
    • Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
    • TAKAHARA Masakazu
    • Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
    • FURUE Masutaka
    • Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University

Abstract

Background: Cathepsin K (CTSK), a cysteine protease with strong collagenolytic properties, is involved in extracellular matrix turnover. In the previous studies, CTSK expression was detected in peritumoral fibroblasts (Fbs) around squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), but not in those surrounding benign epidermal tumors. However, the mechanism governing CTSK expression in epidermal tumors remains unclear. Objective: To study the regulatory mechanisms of fibroblastic CTSK expression in the SCC-stromal interaction. Methods: We examined dynamic interactions of Fbs with tumorigenic SCC cells (A431 and A253) or normal human keratinocytes. Results: SCC cells and normal keratinocytes did not synthesize CTSK, while Fbs constitutively expressed CTSK. When cocultured, SCC cells upregulated fibroblastic CTSK expression more potently than did normal keratinocytes, which was mainly attributable to SCC-derived IL-1α. Coculturing Fbs with SCC cells significantly augmented the matrigel invasive ability of SCC cells, which was downregulated when cocultured with CTSK knockdown Fbs or in the presence of neutralizing anti-IL-1α antibody. Conclusion: The CTSK-upregulated Fbs generated by SCC-derived IL-1α may play a crucial role in the progression and invasion of SCC.

Journal

  • Journal of Dermatological Science

    Journal of Dermatological Science 61(1), 45-50, 2011-01-01

    Elsevier Ireland

References:  24

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