Dysarthria 例の発話速度調節訓練に影響を与える要因の一考察(第1報)  [in Japanese] A Study on Affecting Factors of Speaking Rate Control Methods Used in Dysarthria Rehabilitation (1st Report)  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

    • 志村 栄二 SHIMURA Eiji
    • 新潟医療福祉大学言語聴覚学科 Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Niigata University of Health and Welfare

Abstract

dysarthria 5人,健常若年者13人と健常高齢者10人を対象に,短文音読(速度見本あり,速度見本なし)における発話速度の調節課題,発話速度の比較判断,タッピングによる速度の表出,リズムの規則性判断などの実験課題を施行し,速度の知覚や記憶機能について検討した.その結果,dysarthria群のなかには速度の知覚や記憶にも問題がある症例が存在した.dysarthria例に対する発話速度の調節訓練では,このような機能の低下も考慮し,症例に応じた発話速度の訓練方法の検討が必要な場合があることが示唆された.

Speech rate control is a common approach to speech rehabilitation for patients with dysarthria. There are several different rate control methods and their efficacy varies by dysarthria type and among individuals. As we sometimes encounter dysarthric patients in clinical practice who seem to have difficulties in perceiving and memorizing tempo, knowing how they perceive and memorize speech rate would appear to be one of the important prerequisites for rehabilitation intervention based on rate control methods. <br>In this study, five dysarthric patients, 13 healthy young individuals and 10 healthy elderly individuals performed seven different tests to investigate the following outputs and abilities: rates of speech and tapping produced with and without listening to reference samples, perception of speech and tapping rates, and differentiation of regular rhythms from irregular ones. <br>The healthy individuals performed well on all seven tasks, while some patients with dysarthria experienced problems with tempo perception and memorization. These findings suggest that perception and memorization functions for speech rate in dysarthric patients need to be assessed first in rehabilitation interventions to determine an appropriate speech rate control method.

Journal

  • The Japan Journal of Logopedics and Phoniatrics

    The Japan Journal of Logopedics and Phoniatrics 53(4), 302-311, 2012-10-20

    The Japan Society of Logopedics and Phoniatrics

References:  15

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10031029446
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00034826
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00302813
  • Data Source
    CJP  J-STAGE 
Page Top