聴覚障害幼児における聴児との社会的遊びの発達的変化と関連要因の検討  [in Japanese] Analysis of Factors Related to Social Play Development between Hearing-Impaired Preschoolers and their Hearing Peers in Inclusive Settings  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 大原 重洋 OOHARA Shigehiro
    • 豊田市こども発達センター難聴幼児通園施設なのはな Nanohana Day Care Center for Children with Impaired Hearing, Toyota Municipal Child Development Center
    • 廣田 栄子 HIROTA Eiko
    • 筑波大学大学院人間総合科学研究科 Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba

Abstract

本研究は,インクルーシブ環境において初回観察と1年後の再観察の2時期にわたり,平均聴力レベル72.6 dB(レンジ48.7~92.5 dB,1 SD 18.7)の聴覚障害幼児8名を観察した.そして,どのようにコミュニケーション行動,統語構造(MLUm),社会性の発達,聴児側の関わり方等が社会的遊びに影響を及ぼしているか分析した.結果,1年間の経過で遊びの水準が向上し,特に協同遊びは5歳児から6歳児にかけて飛躍的に向上した.1年間の経過で対象児のコミュニケーション行動は向上したが,統語構造(MLUm)の発達的変化は乏しかった.聴覚障害児の協同遊びは,非言語的な手掛かりと状況判断が用いられており,的確な言語内容と構文の使用による社会的遊びの豊かな展開には,個別発達の評価と指導が重要と考えられた.協同遊びの形成には,聴覚障害児と聴児の遊びの発達を前提として,社会性の発達と対象児への障害配慮など両者の発達がダイナミックに改善する様子が観察され,同観点でのインクルーシブ環境の整備の有効性を指摘することができた.

In this study we observed 8 hearing-impaired preschoolers whose average hearing level was 72.6 dB (48.7-92.5 dB, 1 SD 18.7) in inclusive settings twice over the course of a year, and analyzed how their communicative behavior, MLUm and social maturity, along with the attitude of their hearing peers, influenced their cooperative play. The results revealed that they generally developed their play levels by the second observation, and most notably they participated in cooperative play significantly at 6 years old. Their MLUm did not lengthen although their communication behavior marked progress during the year. Hearing-impaired children construct cooperative play by nonlinguistic cues or appreciation of the situation. It is important for individual evaluation and educational treatment to enrich social play development using proper language contents and constructions. Participating in cooperative play needs both social maturity in the hearing-impaired children and appropriate attitude in their hearing peers. The results suggest that preparation of inclusive settings is useful in terms of both these factors.

Journal

  • The Japan Journal of Logopedics and Phoniatrics

    The Japan Journal of Logopedics and Phoniatrics 53(4), 319-328, 2012-10-20

    The Japan Society of Logopedics and Phoniatrics

References:  18

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10031029482
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00034826
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00302813
  • Data Source
    CJP  J-STAGE 
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