わが国におけるオウム嘴羽病の疫学調査  [in Japanese] Epidemiological Survey of Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease in Japan  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

オウム嘴羽病 (PBFD) の診断において, セキセイインコでは, 従来のPCR法で検出できない変異型ウイルスの感染が高率に存在することが明らかとなり, これらの変異株を広く検出できる新しいOgawaらのPCR法の有用性を確認した. これを受けて, 全国58ヵ所の動物病院への来院鳥および12ヵ所のペットショップでの飼育鳥1, 070羽について, OgawaらのPCR法によるPBFDの疫学調査を実施した. その結果, 一般家庭での飼育鳥770羽の陽性率は19.2%であったのに対し, ペットショップでの飼育鳥300羽の陽性率は16.7%であり, 全体では18.5%であった. PBFDウイルスは全国的に広く浸潤しており, 陽性率は鳥種に依存していた. セキセイインコ (40.1%), 大型白色オウム類 (24.2%) およびヨウム (21.2%) では, 高い陽性率を示した. また, 鳥種によって臨床症状の発現様式が異なることも明らかとなった.

As for the diagnosis of psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD), it has been made clear that the genetic variant virus in the budgerigar cannot be detected when using the traditional PCR, and the utility of a PCR method developed by Ogawa et al. that is able to detect genetic variant virus widely was confirmed. One thousand and seventy psittacine birds presented to 58 animal hospitals and kept in 12 pet shops were epidemiologically examined for PBFD using the new PCR method. The positive rate of 300 birds from pet shops was 16.7% while that of 770 birds from general families was 19.2%, and overall 18.5%. The PBFD virus is widespread throughout Japan, and it was clarified that the positive rate of PBFD depended on the bird species. Species with high positive rates were budgerigars (40.1%), cockatoos (24.2%) and African grey parrot (21.2%). Differences in the appearance of clinical signs were evident among species.

Journal

  • Journal of the Japan Veterinary Medical Association

    Journal of the Japan Veterinary Medical Association 60(1), 61-65, 2007-01-20

    Japan Veterinary Medical Association

References:  21

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10031130121
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00191857
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    04466454
  • NDL Article ID
    8625840
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-352
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE  JASI 
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