高度聴覚障害児における因果推論の発達に関する検討  [in Japanese] A Comparison of Development of Causal Inference in Deaf Children  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 野原 信 NOHARA Akira
    • 旭中央病院診療技術部小児科 Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Services and Technology, Asahi General Hospital
    • 廣田 栄子 HIROTA Eiko
    • 筑波大学大学院人間総合科学研究科 Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba

Abstract

高度聴覚障害児(聴障児)の因果性の推論による説明(因果推論)の発達特性を明らかにするために聴覚特別支援学校小学部2~3年生の聴障児21名と3~6歳の聴力正常な典型発達児(聴児)61名を対象にし,因果推論課題を用いて検討した.課題は知識領域と概念水準の二側面について結果を分析した.その結果,聴障児のうち因果推論の正答率高得点例では事象の変化・事物の特性は良好で,自然の変化で低下した.低得点例では,事物の特性でも低下し,4~6歳の聴児と共通した傾向を示した.<br>聴障児では知識領域の使用は良好であるが概念水準で遅滞を示した.因果推論は読解能力と相関が高く,本評価に基づく個別指導の有用性が示唆された.本研究で用いた3種課題と,知識領域と概念水準の2側面の評価は,因果推論説明の発達特性の検討に有用と考えられた.

This study examined the difference in causal inference development between deaf and hearing children (NH). The deaf group consisted of 21 second- and third-year students in a school for the deaf. The NH group included 61 3- to 6-year-olds. Both groups were asked about three causal inference topics (natural or phenomenon change, living/nonliving property). By analyzing the results in terms of domain knowledge and conceptual stage, the causal characteristic in the deaf group was examined. The results showed that development of a causal explanation was difficult in the order of phenomenon change, living/nonliving property, and natural phenomenon, and showed a tendency similar to the NH group (4- to 6-year-old level). The deaf group was subdivided into two groups based on individual results. In the excellent score group, both phenomenon change and living/nonliving property were good but natural change was lower. The low score group showed delay in living/nonliving property and natural change, especially in the conceptual stage. These results suggest that it may be effective for understanding of causal explanation development to evaluate three topics using two terms (domain knowledge, conceptual stage).

Journal

  • The Japan Journal of Logopedics and Phoniatrics

    The Japan Journal of Logopedics and Phoniatrics 54(1), 26-34, 2013-01-20

    The Japan Society of Logopedics and Phoniatrics

References:  15

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10031143756
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00034826
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00302813
  • Data Source
    CJP  J-STAGE 
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