教育・療育期の人工内耳装用の聴覚補償とコミュニケーションと支援に関する検討  [in Japanese] Consideration of auditory compensation, communication, and support for children with cochlear implant (CI) during the period of education and therapeutic care  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

人工内耳自助組織に加入している幼児から大学生の人工内耳 (CI) 装用児をもつ保護者250名を対象として, アンケート調査を実施し回答を得た195名を対象に, CI満足度と, 聴覚補償やコミュニケーション等の現状について明らかにすることを目的とした。質問項目は, 対象児の属性, 現在の所属教育・療育等施設, 埋め込み手術年齢, 術前・術後のコミュニケーションモード, CI装用下における聞き取りの改善, CI装用の満足度, コミュニケーション等の10項目とし, 郵送による自記式質問紙調査法を用いた。<br>その結果, 対象児のインクルーシブ教育・療育機関の帰属, CI装用の低年齢化, 聴覚コミュニケーションモードへの移行, 教育機関等での情報補償の不十分さ等についての現状と課題が示された。大方の保護者はCI装用に満足感が高いが, 年齢が高くなるにつれてコミュニケーションの不全感を指摘し, 発達段階や個別状況に応じた教育・療育的支援の必要性が示唆された。

The questionnaire survey was administered to guardians of 250 children with cochlear implants (CIs) from the period of infancy to the stage of university student. The guardians were members of the CI family association. The questionnaire survey aimed to clarify the current situation of the CI satisfaction rating, auditory compensation and communication, etc., in the 195 guardians who provided responses.<br>There were ten items in the questionnaire; child's situation, education facility that the child presently belonged to, operation age, communications mode before and after the operation, the status of improvement of the auditory response, the satisfaction rating of the CI, and communications, etc.. The self-registering questionnaire method by mail was used.<br>The results revealed that object children belong to inclusive educational system and therapeutic care facility, lowering of the age of CI, shifts to the aural communications mode, and current states of insufficiency of information compensation in educational facilities.<br>Moreover, although most guardians indicated a high level of satisfaction with the CI, they pointed out the insufficiency of communications with increasing age. The survey suggested the necessity of educational support and therapeutic care according to the developmental stage and status of the CI in each individual.

Journal

  • AUDIOLOGY JAPAN

    AUDIOLOGY JAPAN 56(1), 65-72, 2013-02-28

    Japan Audiological Society

References:  13

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10031156646
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00000347
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    03038106
  • Data Source
    CJP  J-STAGE 
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