Characterization of lignocellulose of Erianthus arundinaceus in relation to enzymatic saccharification efficiency

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Lignin is a major component of the secondary cell walls of vascular plants, and an obstacle in the conversion of plant cell wall polysaccharides into biofuels. <i>Erianthus</i> spp. are large gramineous plants of interest as potential energy sources. However, lignocelluloses of <i>Erianthus</i> spp. have not been chemically characterized. In this study, we analysed lignins, related compounds, enzymatic saccharification efficiencies, and minerals in the ash of the inner and outer parts of the internode, leaf blade and leaf sheath of <i>Erianthus arundinaceus</i>. Lignins in four organs consisted of guaiacyl, syringyl, and <i>p</i>-hydroxyphenyl units. The ratios of syringyl to guaiacyl lignins and lignin contents ranged from 0.43 to 0.79 and 20 to 28%, respectively, with values highest in the outer part of the internode. The amounts of ferulic acid were similar (7.3–11.8 mg g<sup>−1</sup> dry weight of cell-wall material) in all four organs, while there was more <i>p</i>-coumaric acid in the inner part of the internode (44.7 mg g<sup>−1</sup> dry weight of cell-wall material) than in other organs (25.7–28.8 mg g<sup>−1</sup> dry weight of cell-wall material). The enzymatic saccharification efficiency (24 h reaction time) of the leaf blade was 21.6%, while those of the other organs ranged from 10.0 to 15.2%. The leaf blade had the highest ash content (17.1%); the main inorganic element was silicon. This paper provides the first fundamental knowledge of <i>E. arundinaceus</i> lignins.


  • Plant Biotechnology

    Plant Biotechnology 30(1), 25-35, 2013-03-25

    Japanese Society for Plant Cell and Molecular Biology

References:  56

Cited by:  3


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