プラズマあるいは電場によってアシストされたメタン転換 Methane Conversion Assisted by Plasma or Electric Field

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Author(s)

    • 大島 一真 OSHIMA Kazumasa
    • 早稲田大学先進理工学部応用化学科 Dept. of Applied Chemistry, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University
    • 品川 竜也 SHINAGAWA Tatsuya
    • 早稲田大学先進理工学部応用化学科 Dept. of Applied Chemistry, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University
    • 関根 泰 SEKINE Yasushi
    • 早稲田大学先進理工学部応用化学科 Dept. of Applied Chemistry, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University

Abstract

メタンからエチレン,メタノール,ベンゼン,炭素,水素および合成ガスへの転換について数多くの研究が行われてきた。これら反応はメタン中の安定なC-H結合により高温を必要とし,逐次反応による目的生成物選択率の低下や,多段の熱交換や高温に耐えうる材料などが要求されるなど多くの問題がある。これを解決すべく,これまでにプラズマやNEMCAなど,低温でメタンを活性化させる試みが行われてきた。これらを総括し,併せて我々の取組みを紹介する。

Direct conversion of methane to other valuable products such as ethylene, methanol, benzene, carbon, hydrogen, and syngas has been widely investigated. Such conversion requires high temperatures because of the strong C–H bond in CH<sub>4</sub>, and such high-temperature reactions present various problems: sequential reaction to decrease the selectivity to target products, need for multiple heat exchangers to use or recover high-temperature waste heat, materials that are stable at high temperatures, etc. To solve these problems, several trials have been undertaken to lower reaction temperatures using plasma, Non-Faradaic Electrochemical Modification of Catalytic Activity (NEMCA), and electric fields. This review describes recent trends in methane conversion, and describes our methods to lower the reaction temperature.

Journal

  • Journal of the Japan Petroleum Institute

    Journal of the Japan Petroleum Institute 56(1), 11-21, 2013-01-01

    The Japan Petroleum Institute

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10031166880
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11590615
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    REV
  • ISSN
    13468804
  • NDL Article ID
    024188307
  • NDL Call No.
    Z17-177
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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