小学校給食の副食に含まれる糖質量の検討  [in Japanese] Evaluation of the Sugar Content in the Side Dishes Served in Elementary School Lunches  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 山口 美輪 YAMAGUCHI Miwa
    • 徳島大学大学院ヘルスバイオサイエンス研究部社会環境衛生学講座予防医学分野 Department of Preventive Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences,The University of Tokushima Graduate School
    • 黒田 暁生 KURODA Akio
    • 徳島大学糖尿病臨床・研究開発センター Diabetes Therapeutics and Research Center, The University of Tokushima
    • 勝浦 桜子 KATSUURA Sakurako
    • 徳島大学大学院ヘルスバイオサイエンス研究部社会環境衛生学講座予防医学分野 Department of Preventive Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences,The University of Tokushima Graduate School
    • 上村 浩一 UEMURA Hirokazu
    • 徳島大学大学院ヘルスバイオサイエンス研究部社会環境衛生学講座予防医学分野 Department of Preventive Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences,The University of Tokushima Graduate School
    • 香美 祥二 KAGAMI Shoji
    • 徳島大学病院小児科 Department of Pediatrics Graduate School of Medical Sciences, The University of Tokushima
    • 有澤 孝吉 ARISAWA Kokichi
    • 徳島大学大学院ヘルスバイオサイエンス研究部社会環境衛生学講座予防医学分野 Department of Preventive Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences,The University of Tokushima Graduate School

Abstract

「食品交換表に基づく新たなカーボカウント法」(黒田ら,糖尿病2010)に基づいて糖尿病食1食に含まれる糖質量を算出する場合,1食を主食と副食にわけ,副食は一律20 gと概算する.しかし,小児期は必要エネルギー量や栄養素バランスが食品交換表とは異なる.よって本研究では,小児期の副食糖質量を検討することを目的とした.学校給食摂取基準に基づく学校給食42食分を小学校の学年別に検討した.その結果,1食のエネルギーは670±44~752±50(平均値±標準偏差)kcalと学年が上がるに従い増加したが,副食糖質量は29.7±7.5~31.2±8.1 gであり,エネルギー量にかかわらず副食糖質量を約30 gに概算できた.学校給食では糖質約10 gの牛乳が毎食提供されるため糖尿病食や病院普通食に比較して副食糖質量が10 g増加すると考えられた.以上より,小学校給食では副食糖質量を30 gとしてカーボカウントを指導できることが明らかとなった.<br>

Kuroda et al. proposed a simple method for calculating the carbohydrate content based on a food exchange list (Shokuhin Koukanhyou), with a sugar content of dietary staples of 40 % for rice, 50 % for bread, and 20 % for boiled noodles and a side dish containing 20 g sugar. This study focused on the sugar content in in school lunches, which have a nutrient composition that is different from diabetic meals. The total energy content of school lunches and the sugar content in their side dishes were investigated in 42 school lunches served in elementary school. The average energy intake in the total lunch increased depending on the school grade (670±44 to 752±50 kcal; means±standard deviation). On the other hand, the sugar content of side dishes increased from 29.7±7.5 g in the 1<sup>st</sup>-2<sup>nd</sup> grade to 31.2±8.1 g in the 5<sup>th</sup>-6<sup>th</sup> grade, thus it could be estimated to be 30 g regardless of the energy intake. Two hundred milliliters of milk containing approximately 10 g of carbohydrate was served in every school lunch, which accounted for the 10 g increase in comparison to hospital lunches. These results indicate that the sugar content in the side dishes of elementary school lunches can be estimated to be 30 g regardless of the energy intake.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of the Japan Diabetes Society

    Journal of the Japan Diabetes Society 55(12), 952-956, 2012-12-30

    THE JAPAN DIABETES SOCIETY

References:  10

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10031170437
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00166576
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    0021437X
  • NDL Article ID
    024222598
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-401
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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