Automated Ulcer Detection Method from CT Images for Computer Aided Diagnosis of Crohn's Disease

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Abstract

Crohn's disease commonly affects the small and large intestines. Its symptoms include ulcers and intestinal stenosis, and its diagnosis is currently performed using an endoscope. However, because the endoscope cannot pass through the stenosed parts of the intestines, diagnosis of the entire intestines is difficult. A CT image-based method is expected to become an alternative way for the diagnosis of Crohn's disease because it enables observation of the entire intestine even if stenosis exists. To achieve efficient CT image-based diagnosis, diagnostic-aid by computers is required. This paper presents an automated detection method of the surface of ulcers in the small and large intestines from fecal tagging CT images. Ulcers cause rough surfaces on the intestinal wall and consist of small convex and concave (CC) regions. We detect them by blob and inverse-blob structure enhancement filters. A roughness value is utilized to reduce the false positives of the detection results. Many CC regions are concentrated in ulcers. The roughness value evaluates the concentration ratio of the detected regions. Detected regions with low roughness values are removed by a thresholding process. The thickness of the intestinal lumen and the CT values of the surrounding tissue of the intestinal lumen are also used to reduce false positives. Experimental results using ten cases of CT images showed that our proposed method detects 70.6% of ulcers with 12.7FPs/case. The proposed method detected most of the ulcers.

Journal

  • IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems

    IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems 96(4), 808-818, 2013-04-01

    The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers

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