明石市雲晴寺近世墓地から出土した明石藩家老親族の人骨  [in Japanese] Human skeletal remains of a chief-retainer family of the Akashi clan from the Unseiji site (Akashi, Japan) in the Edo period  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究では,兵庫県明石市雲晴寺墓地から出土した明石藩家老親族の人骨1体(ST61)について,形態学,古病理学,同位体食性分析の視点から研究を行った。板碑から人骨は明石藩の家老親族であり,1732年に77歳で亡くなった女性である。本研究の結果,(1)骨から推定された性別は女性で,死亡年齢は50歳以上で,墓誌の記録を裏付けるものであった。(2)頭蓋形態を調べたところ,脳頭蓋最大長が大きく,バジオン・ブレグマ高が小さく,頭蓋長幅示数は75.3で長頭に近い中頭,また上顔部が細長いものの顔面全体が大きく,いずれの特徴も徳川将軍親族,江戸庶民,近代人とは異なっていた。(3)炭素・窒素安定同位体分析の結果,ST61の主要なタンパク質摂取源は,淡水魚,または,陸上食物と海産物の組み合わせと推定された。当時の上流階級の人骨のデータの積み重ねは今後の江戸時代人骨の研究に不可欠であるため,今回一例ではあるが基礎データの報告を行った。<br>

The Edo-period (AD 1603–1867) human skeletal remains were excavated from the Unseiji site in Akashi, Japan. The inscription of the gravestone suggested that the individual was a grandmother of a chief retainer of the Akashi clan. Because the accumulation of anthropological data for high-status persons in the Edo period is important for future studies, this study reports the basic description of this individual from the perspectives of morphology, paleopathology, and stable isotope analysis. The results obtained here are as follows. (1) The osteological diagnosis of age at death and sex revealed that this individual is a female whose age at death is 50 years and more. This is consistent with the record of the gravestone inscription. (2) This individual is characterized by the large maximum cranial length, the small basion-bregma height, and the large facial width and height, which are all different from the craniofacial features of the Tokugawa-shogunate family, the Edo-period commoners, and the modern Japanese. (3) The carbon and nitrogen stable isotopic analysis of this individual further revealed that the main source of proteins of this individual was fresh water fish or a combination of terrestrial and sea food.<br>

Journal

  • Anthropological Science (Japanese Series)

    Anthropological Science (Japanese Series) 121(1), 31-48, 2013-06-01

    The Anthropological Society of Nippon

References:  57

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10031184231
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11307827
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    NOT
  • ISSN
    13443992
  • NDL Article ID
    024766642
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-11
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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