East-west differences in population structure and vertical distribution of copepods along 47°N in the subarctic Pacific in June 2009

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Abstract

Stratified zooplankton sampling was conducted in the subarctic Pacific in June 2009 at four stations along 47°N from 0 to 3,000 m depth to evaluate longitudinal changes in population structure and vertical distribution of the dominant copepod species. At the westernmost station (160°E), the population structure of <i>Eucalanus bungii</i> and <i>Metridia pacifica</i> was dominated by early copepodid stages. In <i>E. bungii</i>, nauplii were abundant and adult females had developed ovaries at 160°E, while at the three stations to the east (167°E, 174°E and 179°W), no <i>E. bungii</i> nauplii were collected, and the resting stages were dominant. This suggests the species was reproducing near 160°E and in diapause in the east. In all three <i>Neocalanus</i> species analyzed (<i>N. cristatus</i>, <i>N. flemingeri</i> and <i>N. plumchrus</i>), late copepodid stages were dominant at the eastern three stations. Lipid accumulation in the fifth copepodid stage of <i>Neocalanus</i> spp. was greater in the west than in the east. This probably resulted from better food conditions and lower temperatures in the west, where copepods could consume more food during development than in the east.

Journal

  • Plankton and Benthos Research

    Plankton and Benthos Research 8(3), 116-123, 2013-08-01

    Plankton Society of Japan : Japanese Association of Benthology

References:  32

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10031185862
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12130745
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    18808247
  • NDL Article ID
    024826889
  • NDL Call No.
    Z54-J424
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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