2歳児相談における事前問診の語彙チェックリスト作成の試み:文法カテゴリーによる分析:抽象語・代名詞  [in Japanese] Production of a vocabulary checklist for inquiry prior to counseling for children aged 2 years:A Structure and Increase of Abstract Words and Pronouns  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 長嶋 比奈美 Nagashima Hinami
    • 高知リハビリテーション学院言語療法学科 Department of Speech,Language and Hearing Pathology,Kochi Rehabilitation Institute
    • 笠井 新一郎 Kasai Shinichiro
    • 高知リハビリテーション学院言語療法学科 Department of Speech,Language and Hearing Pathology,Kochi Rehabilitation Institute
    • 苅田 知則 Karita Tomonori
    • 高知リハビリテーション学院言語療法学科 Department of Speech,Language and Hearing Pathology,Kochi Rehabilitation Institute
    • 稲田 勤 Inada Tsutomu
    • 高知リハビリテーション学院言語療法学科 Department of Speech,Language and Hearing Pathology,Kochi Rehabilitation Institute
    • 間野 幸代 Mano Sachiyo
    • 高知リハビリテーション学院言語療法学科 Department of Speech,Language and Hearing Pathology,Kochi Rehabilitation Institute
    • 石川 裕治 Ishikawa Yuji
    • 高知リハビリテーション学院言語療法学科 Department of Speech,Language and Hearing Pathology,Kochi Rehabilitation Institute
    • 山田 弘幸 Yamada Hiroyuki
    • 九州保健福祉大学保健科学部言語聴覚療法学科 Language Hearing Treatment Subject of Study,Department of Health and Science,Kyushu University of Health and Welfare

Abstract

著者らは,1歳6ヶ月児健診で気にかかった子どもの経過観察として,香川県坂出市において2歳児を対象として発達相談(以下,2歳児相談)を試験的に行っている.言語発達障害を有する子どもの早期発見・早期療育を行う手がかりとして,2歳児相談時にスクリーニングとして使用できる語彙チェックリストを作成することを目的とし,2歳児の語彙発達の現状を明らかにするための調査研究を行った.調査の対象者は,香川県坂出市内の全保育所(12施設)に所属する1歳11ヶ月から2歳11ヶ月の子どもの保護者であり,161名であった.調査においては,名詞・代名詞・抽象語・動詞・形容詞・形容動詞・副詞・感動詞を含む,全語彙数452個のチェックリストを,調査用紙として用いた.本稿では,抽象語・代名詞に焦点を当て,調査項目の検討を行った.その結果,2歳0ヶ月〜2歳6ヶ月の段階で通過しやすい「抽象語」としては,簡単な「数・色・空間・時間概念」,「視覚理解可能な概念」や「体感的な抽象概念」,代名詞としては,「自分や保護者の領域の物を表す『コ』に関する指示詞」,「第三者の領域の物を表す『ア』に関する指示詞」が見いだされた.また,2歳10〜11ヶ月児でも60%未満しか通過しない語としては「不可視事象や心的状態に関する抽象語,2歳児には理解困難な抽象度の高い位置・方角概念」,自分と保護者が分離されているという認識が獲得された上で,自分と保護者の間にある物を示す中間的な「指示詞『ソ』に関する語」,「自己を含む人物の集合体」などが挙げられた.

To follow up children who required attention in health examination when they were 18 months, the authors provide developmental counseling services for parents who have children aged 24 months in Sakaide, Kagawa Prefecture. The purpose of this present study is to produce a vocabulary checklist that can be used for screening in counseling. Therefore, we carried out a questionnaire survey to clarify the vocabulary development in 2 years old. The subjects of the survey were 161 parents who have children were 23-35 months and belong to 12 nursery schools in Sakaide. In the survey, we used a checklist as a questionnaire including 452 words; nouns, pronouns, abstract words, verbs, adjectives, adjective verbs, adverbs, and interjections. This present study focused on abstract words and pronouns. In discussion, we discussed about abstract words and pronouns that children tended to have been acquired between 24 and 30 months. At first, the abstract words were"simple concepts about number, color, space, and time", "concepts allowing visual comprehension", and "cenesthetic abstract concepts". Second, the pronouns were"demonstrative pronouns associated with [ko] ", and"demonstrative pronouns associated with [a]"; [ko] is the Japanese that means [this] and these indicate objects in the domain of the self and parents, and [a] which indicate objects in the domain of the third person is [that] . Next, the words that had been acquired only by less than 60% of children aged even 34-35 months were"abstract words associated with invisible phenomena and psychological states"and"highly abstract concepts about position and direction", "demonstrative pronouns associated with [so] that indicate objects present between the self and parents", and"sets of persons including the self". These are difficult for 2-year-old children to understand.

Journal

  • Journal of Kochi Rehabilitation Institute

    Journal of Kochi Rehabilitation Institute 2(0), 41-48, 2001

    Kochi Rehabilitation Institute

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110000093397
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11643653
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1345-5648
  • NDL Article ID
    6022655
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B959
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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