ヴィクトリア繁栄期の所領経営と家産管理--第7代デヴォンシア公爵の場合  [in Japanese] Estate Management and Administration of the Family Estate in the Victorian Prosperous Period; the Case of the 7th Duke of Devonshire  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

The Duke of Devonshire was a traditional landed aristocrat, who owned, according to the 'New Doomsday Book' of 1873, the seventh largestland, out of which he gained the second largest gross rental in the English landed aristocracy. He formed its central core. William Cavendish (1808-1884), who inherited the Dukedom in 1858, has been taken as a classic Mid-Victorian improving landlord. His entrepreneurship mainly covered the industrialisation and urbanisationof Barrow-in-Furness. In 1846 he constructed the Furness Railway as a means of developing his own iron mines, in the 1860's created the BarrowHaematite Steel Co. Ltd. and in the early 1870's a group of firms, which were related to the export of the steel rail. The firms respectively worked as elements which composed the productive forces for the use of landnature, and as a whole they created a regional structure of productiveforces for the use of natural resources. The Cavendishes completely grasped these firms, at first as 'a proprietary railway', next as a 'Furness Railway-Cavendish organism', and lastly as the 'Furness Railway's Industrial Empire'. It was made possible owing to the prosperity of England as WorldFactory that the landowner transformed his own wealth into the capital on a large scale, led by the interest of his estate management. This wasthe process of forming a 'Capital-Landownership Complex' proper to Modern England, in which on one hand the landowner partly came to base on the capital, and on the other hand English Capitalism mobilized the wealth ofthe landowner to the capital. The aim of this paper is to study the Duke of Devonshire's finance which supported the aggressive estate management. It brings light on the followings; 1. the 6th Duke's Finance in the 1850's, through the close study of the Chief Agent's General Statements of Income and Expenditure, 2. the state of the Duke Family's finance on the 7th Duke's succession to the Dukedom, through the careful examination of his the letters and diary, 3. his estate management and its finance between 1858 and 1884, through the analysis ofthe summary statement.

Journal

  • Okayama economics review

    Okayama economics review 32(4), 525-558, 2001-03

    岡山大学経済学会

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110000130070
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00032897
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    03863069
  • NDL Article ID
    5704893
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZD11(経済--経済学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z3-940
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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