戦後中等教育の構造変化と学歴主義--丹波篠山地域の2高校を事例として [in Japanese] Structural Change and Institutionalization of Educational Credentialism in Secondary Education after World War II--A Case Study of Two High Schools in "Tanba Sasayama" [in Japanese]
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The concept of Eduactional Reform of secondary education after World War II was to introduce a new high school system offering terminal education equally open to all the citizens. One of the goals of this Reform was to reduce difference in quality among high schools to relieve educational credentialism. However as industrialization has proceeded, educational credentials have become more important as a main occupational selection criterion. As a result, the purpose of this Reform to equalize quality in education among different high schools faced difficulties to attain. By the time around 1960, a clear hierarchy among high schools and courses of study emerged. That means that inequality among high schools came out. The aim of this paper is to clarify the process how this Reform ended in failure by focusing on two day-time high schools: one is a comprehensive high school, and the other is a vocational (agriculture) high school; and seven part-time high schools in a region called "Tanba Sasayama". We examine functional change and organizational transition in each school and make clear how they lost their initial educational goals and changed their originally expected roles, and how they were reorganized.
- Bulletin of the Faculty of Education,the University of Tokyo
Bulletin of the Faculty of Education,the University of Tokyo (30), p53-82, 1990
The University of Tokyo