地域における学歴意識の変容--戦前期日本における生活世界の学校化 [in Japanese] The Rise and Institutionalization of Educational Credentialism in Modern Japan : A Case Study on the Permeation of Educational Credentialism in the "Life World" of the People [in Japanese]
Access this Article
Search this Article
The rise of educational credentialism is closely linked with the development of modern bureauratic organizations, such as government agencies and large enterprises. In employment and promotion of personnels in these organizations, educational credentials are made great account as the index of their potential vocational abilities. In Japan as well as in other industrial countries, educational credentialism, which emerged in the process of modernization, after the Meiji Restoration, was institutionalized in the central government agencies at first, and in the Zaibatsu enterprises thereafter. In Japan, however, the institutionalization and domination of educational credentialism was not confined to the world of modern organizations. It rapidly permeated the daily "life world" of ordinary people who were not connected with these organizations. In this paper, we will trace the process of permeation of educational credentialism among the "life world" of people, by focusing on three status groups : the Shizoku (former Samurai), merchants and farmers in a small local communtity, "Tanba Sasayama", in Hyogo Prefecture.
- Bulletin of the Faculty of Education,the University of Tokyo
Bulletin of the Faculty of Education,the University of Tokyo (28), p45-73, 1988
The University of Tokyo