〈研究ノート〉日記のなかの南部女性 : メアリ・チェスナット <Notes>Mary Boykin Shesnut as Reflected in her Civil War Diaries
The Civil War diaries of Mary Boykin Chesnut (1823-1886) - her private diary kept during the war and her retrospective 'diary' written twenty years later-present personal revelations of a typical woman of the planter class in the South. The daughter of a governor of South Carolina and wife to a U.S. senator, the son of one of the wealthiest planters in the state, Chesnut strongly embraced the Southern cause and criticized Northern views of the slave South. Mary Chesnut, however, shows a hatred for the institution of slavery, calling it "a monstrous system and wrong and iniquity, " and regards the miscegenation between the male slaveholder and the black woman as the embodiment of the evil of slavery. She does not blame white men who have sexual freedom while their wives are bound by the code of chastity, but rather blames slave women who, she believes, indulge their sexuality and their desire for motherhood. Her belief must have been strengthened by her frustration at her own childlessness. Her view of black women as symbols of sexuality and fertility certainly reveals her own oppressed situation as well as that of white women in general in the patriarchal slaveholding South. In spite of her feelings about slavery and miscegenation. Chesnut, a member of the planter class, could not but take slavery for granted as the basis of her world.
同志社アメリカ研究 31, 61-68, 1994-12-30