<研究ノート>アメリカ人のコミュニケーション能力としての自己主張的態度と認識 : 日米のコミュニケーション・パターンの比較から <RESEARCH NOTE>Assertiveness as Communication Competence : Comparing the Communication Styles between American and Japanese Students
研究ノート, Research Note
Considering the increased mobility of people across national and cultural boundaries, it be-comes especially important to be aware of and to understand communication processes between people from different cultures. The purpose of the present study is to investigate how cultural values influence interpersonal communication styles. I focus especially on the differences between American and Japanese peoples' assertive behaviors and perceptions of assertiveness as communication competence. The differences in American and Japanese communication styles were hypothesized along four cultural dimensions : (1) individualistic versus collectivistic culture, (2) high versus low context culture, (3) masculine versus feminine culture, and (4) Confucian versus Christian culture. A modified version of the College Self-Expression Scale was administered to a sample of American and Japanese college students at Ohio University (U.S.) and Kyoto University of Foreign Studies (Japan) respectively. Significant differences were found between American and Japanese students in terms of their assertive behaviors and perceptions of assertiveness as communication competence ; however, the extent of differences was not as much in "perceptions" as in self-reported "behaviors." Possible explanations are provided for the findings, especially for the American data. Finally, several implications for future studies are discussed.
同志社アメリカ研究 32, 81-89, 1996-03-20