日本版F.C.C.の廃止過程 : 米国連邦通信委員会の申し子はいかにして廃止に持ち込まれたか Legislative Process of the Arbolishment of the Japanese F.C.C.
It has been 50 years since the birth of the American style independent regulatory agencies in Japan. One of them was called "Denpa Kanri Iinkai (Radio Regulatory Commission=RRC)."Despite strong resistance from Japanese officials, the RRC was established in 1950 by the order of the occupation force to free broadcasting in Japan from totalitarian and militaristic principles, and to realize democratic administration. The RRC was modeled after the Federal Communications Commission (FCO which administrates broadcasting in the United States. The RRC, however, existed for only two years and two months. The RRC was abolished with other independent commissions at the 13th Kokkai (Diet) which was the first National Diet since Japan regained its sovereignty. The Japanese politicians and bureaucrats did not enjoy the existence of the independent commissions because the commissions' decision could not be overruled by the Naikaku's (Cabinet) . A major finding of my research is that abolishment of the RRC was carefully planned and practiced by bureaucrats in order to not infringe the new Constitution. The legislative period was so limited that the Diet members could not discuss deeply about the abolishment plan. Still, some Diet members opposed the abolishment of the RRC because it would be contrary to the spirit of the Japan's new Constitution that guarantees the freedom of speech and/ or press ; however, the bill to abolish the Commission passed the legislature on the last day of 13th Kokkai.
同志社アメリカ研究 37, 87-100, 2001-03