懐かしさの感情体験に及ぼす動作法による快適な心身の体験の効果 : 脳波の快適度と感情イメージ尺度による検討 Examination of the Effects of Dohsa-Method Induced Positive Mind-Body Experience on Nostalgic Affects Using a EEG Pleasantness Scale and an Affective Imagery Scale
Authors examined the effects of the positive mind-body experiences through Dohsa-method on enhancing nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli in undergraduate students. Nostalgia is a universal affect that results in a heightened mental state, an enhancing, uplifting mood related to particular memories of the past. Nostalgia is also entails the recognition and acceptance of past experiences, and may facilitate the positive reevaluation of life, strengthen subjective well-being and happiness, and enhance self-esteem as well, while alleviate depressive feeling in elderly people. Nostalgia also contains both the positive and negative aspects of affective experiences. The positive affective aspect of past could be enhanced under positive mind-body condition. This study consisted of two experiments. In Experiment I, a correlation between the EEG pleasantness and the positive mind-body experience induced by Dohsa-method was examined using a EEG Pleasantness Scale and POMS. In Experiments II, the effects of positive mind-body experience on enhancing nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli (e.g. the song of birds, the murmur of a stream, the sound of chopping vegetables, and so on) was examined. Nostalgic affects was evaluated by 10-item affective imagery scale. Results indicated that positive mind-body experience through Dohsa-method could heighten the EEG pleasantness, and facilitate nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli. These results suggest the possibility of developing a new version of Life Review method, that is Dohsa-method based Life Review, for elderly people.
人間科学研究 25, 63-72, 2003-12