教養としての英語から使える英語へ : 英語教育改革の私案 English as a Skill : A Comprehensive English Skill-Building Program
This paper discusses possible causes of the overall failure of English education in Japan, and proposes an alternative long-term program covering elementary up to higher education. It argues that the failure can be attributed to the neglect of listening training, and to the traditional view among educators that English is a knowledge subject. The first problem has caused underdevelopment of the other skills, i.e. speaking, reading and writing; the second problem has led to ineffective, even inappropriate selection of teaching materials for skill development. The paper argues for the recognition that learning English means obtaining skills, not knowledge, and it proposes a comprehensive skill-building program according to a natural course of language development. Following a brief introduction, section 2 explains from a developmental point of view why we should start with listening. Based on this, section 3 points out one major problem in the current English curriculum for junior high schools, and suggests a solution. Section 4 presents two key concepts for efficient skill building, referring to psycholinguistic research. Section 5 lays out an English program for junior and senior high schools, followed by discussion of English in higher education in section 6. Section 7 deals with the issue of teacher training, before concluding the paper.
富山県立大学紀要 12, 61-71, 2002-03-29