Learned Helplessness理論の再考と展望  [in Japanese] The Theory of Learned Helplessness : An Assessment of Recent Advances and Current Ideas  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 金光 義弘 Kanemitsu Yoshihiro
    • 川崎医療福祉大学医療福祉学部臨床心理学科 Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medical Welfare, Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare

Abstract

本論文では実験已・理学者のM.EP.Seligmanによって提唱された学習性無力感(LearnedHelplessness)理論に関する再考察をし, 今後の適用性についての展望を試みる.主なトピックは4点で, 以下の通りである.(1)学習性無力感理論の実験 : 的検証.(2)学習性無力感理論の理論的背景の再検討.(3)学習性無力感理論の意義についての考察.(4)学習性無力感理論の適用可能性の吟味.本論ではLearnedHelplessnessの概念および理論の重要性を認識したうえで, 学習性無力感現象が生起するための三つの必要条件を指摘する.その第1条件は, 生活体が回避不可能な嫌悪刺激を与えられて, 無力感(helplessness)を知覚する状況であること.第2の条件は, 生活体が行動と結果の間の非随伴性(noncontingency)の認知を獲得する過程があること.第3の条件は, 統制不能性(uncontrollability)の期待によって動機づけレベルが低下すること, である.最後に, 学習性無力感の原形(オリジナル学習性無力感)理論こそ, 人間の精神的および行動的異常の問題に対する適用において, 妥当性と有効性が認められることを主張する.The present article deals with a reassessment of the original theory of Learned Helplessness proposed by psychologist Martin E.P. Seligman. The main topics of this paper are as follows ; (1) a critical review of experimental studies on Learned Helplessness. (2) a re-examination of the theoretical background of Learned Helplessness. (3) a discussion of the significance of the Learned Helplessness theory. (4) an assessment of advances in the Learned Helplessness theory. In support of the importance of this construct and theory, this article describes the three necessary conditions for the learned helplessness phenomenon. The first is where organisms are in situations from which they cannot escape and perceive the idea of "helplessness". The second is when they believe that changes in behavior will not change the result (noncontingency between behavior and result) . The third is when there is a decline in motivation because they believe that the situation is uncontrollable. Finally, it is suggested that it is reasonable and effective to apply the Learned Helplessness theory in the study of human mental disease and abnormal behavior.

The present article deals with a reassessment of the original theory of Learned Helplessness proposed by psychologist Martin E.P. Seligman. The main topics of this paper are as follows ; (1) a critical review of experimental studies on Learned Helplessness. (2) a re-examination of the theoretical background of Learned Helplessness. (3) a discussion of the significance of the Learned Helplessness theory. (4) an assessment of advances in the Learned Helplessness theory. In support of the importance of this construct and theory, this article describes the three necessary conditions for the learned helplessness phenomenon. The first is where organisms are in situations from which they cannot escape and perceive the idea of "helplessness". The second is when they believe that changes in behavior will not change the result (noncontingency between behavior and result) . The third is when there is a decline in motivation because they believe that the situation is uncontrollable. Finally, it is suggested that it is reasonable and effective to apply the Learned Helplessness theory in the study of human mental disease and abnormal behavior.

Journal

  • Kawasaki medical welfare journal

    Kawasaki medical welfare journal 7(1), 11-18, 1997-06

    Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110000479180
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10375470
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    09174605
  • NDL Article ID
    4330093
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE5(社会・労働--社会問題・社会保障)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-3791
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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