<論説>下関漁港・商港における水産物流通の空間構造 The Spatial Structure of Fishery Products Distribution--A Case Study of Shimonoseki Fishing Port and Shimonoseki Commercial Port

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本研究は,下関漁港・商港において,水産物流通の空間構造を解明することを目的とする.この際水産物輸入取扱を含めて,特に集出荷活動に注目して生産から消費の空間全体を検討する.下関漁港は1970年代以降水揚が減少し,漁港市場の集荷では搬入物が増加した.買受人の活動は周辺地域への分荷供給を行う「地廻り」に中心が移った.集出荷地域は周辺地域を中心にほぼ関東以西に広がる.下関商港では,東アジアを中心に貝類やフグなど特色ある輸入水産物を扱う.中継輸送を介して全国出荷する.活動で中心的役割を果たすのは水産物輸入業者である.しかし結節点に関係業者が集積する漁港の集出荷活動の場合と異なり,彼らは必ずしも下関に所在せず,下関の業者に業務を委託する場合もある.両港の活動は一部相互関係を持っが,両港に関わる流通展開は独立している.下関は特徴の異なる港湾,活動空間を並存する水産物流通の空間構造を形成せざるを得ない.

The purpose of this study is to examine the spatial structure of fishery products distribution from Shimonoseki fishing port and Shimonoseki commercial port by focusing on collecting and shipping activities of fishery products that includes import of fishery products. In today's Japanese fisheries, the existence of imported fishery products cannot be ignored. Therefore we should also pay attention to the distribution structure of imported fishery products. To grasp the spatial structure and issues concerning the fishery products distribution, we should not only consider the related functions of fisheries separately, but also note that the study of the spatial structure in which the fishery product distribution of connects production to consumption is important as well. Thus this study draws attention to collecting and shipping activities of fishery products to determine the spatial structure.<br> While the landed quantity at Shimonoseki fishing port has decreased since the 1970s, the amount of fishery products brought into the Shimonoseki fishing port market from other areas has increased. This has changed the characteristics of the middlemen's activities at Shimonoseki fishing port from kamiokuri, which ships fishery products to distant big consumer markets, to jimawari, which deals with markets nearby the port. The related areas in which fishery products are collected and shipped stretches over west of Kanto and Hokuriku region. At Shimonoseki commercial port, fishery products such as shellfish, puffers, and many others are shipped and imported mainly from Eastern Asia. These products are shipped throughout the country by transit transportation. Those who play the central role in the fishery products business are the import traders for these products, although they do not necessarily station offices in Shimonoseki. This is unlike the collecting and shipping activities of fishery product at a fishing port where the wholesalers, all of the middlemen, and other traders concerned are concentrated as a nodal point. Some import traders for fishery products even have a contractor in Shimonoseki who does business there on their behalf.<br> The activities of these two ports in Shimonoseki are interrelated, but only to some extent regarding use and entry. Distribution activities for the two ports are managed independently because their different characters make unification and mutual participation difficult. Thus in Shimonoseki it is necessary to form a spatial structure of fishery product distribution that is based on the coexistence of two distinct ports closely in location but featuring different activity spaces. For the import activities of fishery products, different business fields such as trading circles have become involved in fishery product distribution and related to fisheries as well.<br> Within the entire spatial structure of fishery product distribution, the coexisting relationship between activities of the two ports reveals the relaing positions seen between fishing ports and other places where fishery products are handed and the structure problems of fishery product distribution.

収録刊行物

  • 地理学評論. Ser. A

    地理学評論. Ser. A 74(9), 491-511, 2001

    学術雑誌目次速報データベース由来

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110000521605
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN1016484X
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    00167444
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    5897953
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZG1(歴史・地理)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z8-571
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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