3週間の精神科看護実習における体験過程 : 学生の自己評価からみた患者・自己・関わり方の理解の変化 Study of the Learning Process in Three Weeks of Psychiatric Nursing Practice : Students' Self-Evaluation of Level of Understanding in the Areas of Self-Awareness,Patient Behavior and the Therapeutic Relationship.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the improvement of students' level of understanding during the three weeks of psychiatric nursing practice. Weekly eighty students evaluated themselves on their self-awareness, their comprehension of patient behavior and the quality of the therapeutic relationship. As a result of this self-evaluation system, according to the students, their level of understanding improved in all three areas after three weeks. T-test comparisons of students' level of understanding after the three weeks indicated significant differences. However, the rate and degree of improvement varied. We concluded as follows; (1) students' self-awareness developed from the initial self-conscious stage to a greater awareness of others' perception of their behavior, and then on to an objective, professional attitude and performance, (2) the comprehension of patient behavior evolved from a superficial observation of the patient to a more empathetic awareness of the patient's values, motivation, and the nature of the patient's illness, and (3) the quality of the therapeutic relationship changed from concern about the patients' feelings in general, to a more constructive approach to create a comfortable atomosphere, responding to each patient's needs.
紀要 18, 43-55, 1992