行事場面における保育行動の特性  [in Japanese] An analysis of teacher behavior in events activities of nursery school  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究の目的は, 行事場面における保育者の行動特性を組織的観察法を用いて明らかにすることにあった。結果から, 次の3点が明らかとなった。(1)自由遊び場面に比較して, 行事場面では保育者の働きかけは「支配的」になりやすく, 幼児の「依存的」な反応も多くなる。(2)保育形態として設定保育を取り入れている園は, 自由保育を取り入れている園よりも行事場面ではより「支配的」になりやすい。(3)行事場面にも, 幼児の創意工夫が生かされるような保育者の配慮があれば幼児の自立性が出てくるので, 行事の内容及び進め方を工夫する必要がある。行事の教育的意義を保育に生かすために, 親との提携は必要不可欠である。そのため親の行事に対する考え方を明らかにすることは, 従来の幼稚園・保育所主導の行事を再考するうえで有効であると考えられる。今後, この点を実証的に検討していく予定である。The purpose of this study was to analyze the mutual interactions between teachers and children in annual events activities of nursery school (y#ochien) comparing with play activities.A systematic observation method was adopted in this research. The authors especially devised two kinds of observation categories to check (1) active behaviors of a teacher on young children, (2) responsive behaviors of the teacher to their active behaviors. Annual events, including with "the short trip", "Onigiri (rice ball) party", "Mochitsuki (rice-cake making)", "Yakiimo (baked sweet potatoes)", and "presentation of singing songs, dancing, and operetta. etc.", were conducted to observe the behaviors of the teacher and children.The following are the main results;1. Compared with play activities, the teacher's behaviors were inclined to directive in events activities. In some events activities that had less strict in schedule, the teachers behaviors were inclined to supportive.2. Supportive behaviors of teacher, such as praise, suggestion, approval, etc, fostered the independent, supportive behaviors and active interactions among children in events activities.3. Some modifications of the content of events activities, such as less restricted environment and more freedom in schedule, will draw out and develop children's independent and spontaneous behaviors.

Journal

  • Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Hiroshima University Part 1 Educational research

    Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Hiroshima University Part 1 Educational research (40), p181-186, 1991

    Hiroshima University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110000557928
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    09198660
  • NDL Article ID
    3449677
  • NDL Source Classification
    F25(幼児教育)
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z22-88
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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