中国の農民負担問題--現状、根源と解決策について [in Japanese] Problem of Farmer's Tax and collection Burdens in China : Status quo, Roots and Problem-Solving Measures [in Japanese]
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This paper discusses the problem of farmer's tax and collection burden, which is a hot economic and political issue in China. We first review the status quo of the farmer's compulsory burden and then discuss its economical and political origins and problem-solving measures. From our study, following can be found: (1) The problem of farmer's compulsory burdens in China is mainly existent in various illegal compulsory collections that have been prohibited for long time by the central government but are even now occurring in many rural area. (2) These illegal collections have many deep economical and political origins. The most two important origins are the financial system, which both treats rural residents with discrimination and lack in local finance equalization schemes, and the political system centralized but governed at the will. (3) To solve this problem of farmer's tax and collection burden thoroughly, Chinese government should first drive forward the restructuring of local administration system, including combination of town and village; second repeal the financial policies that treat rural residents with discrimination and establish a new financial system aimed at equalizing local government's finance revenue; third abolish the existing agricultural taxies, which over imposed rural farmers when compare with urban workers, and unify them to the standard income tax and fixed property tax.
- The Natural resource economic review,Kyoto University
The Natural resource economic review,Kyoto University (7), 101-133, 2001-12