グラムシ諸概念の弁証法的構成  [in Japanese] Dialectical Formation of the Concepts in Gramsci's Prison Notebooks  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

Antonio Gramsci's way of thinking is thought to be highly dialectical. If it is so, a series of concepts employed by Gramsci should be formed dialectically. A dialectical concept means a self-comprehending concept. This paper discusses that some of his concepts such as "the philosophy or praxis," "man," and "the State," are formed dialectically and thus in a mode of self-comprehending. The concept of "philosophy of praxis," a concept which is particular to Gramsci, is constructed in a mode that "the philosophy of praxis" in a broad sense comprehends "the philosophy of praxis" in a narrow sense. While the former means Marxism as a whole, the latter means "true and proper philosophy of praxis" (Q11§33., p. 1656). That is, the latter produces and unites elements of the former as a methodological principle of the former. Gramsci's concept of "man" comprehends his individuality. Gramsci argues as follows : Man is to be conceived as a historical bloc of purely individual and subjective elements and of elements of mass and of objective or material elements with which the individual is in an active relationship (Q10II§48., p. 1338). In other words, an individual becomes a (self-comprehending) "man" as long as the individual has an active relationship with elements of mass and objective or material elements. Gramsci's concept of "the State" exists within the concept of "a social class which has become 'the State'", which is equivalent to "a 'particular' which has become universal." The State, as a class which has become "the State", exercises its coercive pressure over the whole society, while acquiring consent of most people within the society. The State absorbs and assimilates people; however, it cannot not absorb everyone and therefore fails to realize its universal moment. Hence, the State is an organism, which moves continuously to realize fully its universal moment, namely the absorption of the whole society.

Journal

  • 桃山学院大学社会学論集 = St. Andrew's University sociological review

    桃山学院大学社会学論集 = St. Andrew's University sociological review 37(2), 29-52, 2004-02

    桃山学院大学総合研究所

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110000951160
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00240577
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0287-6647
  • NDL Article ID
    6974645
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-555
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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