グラムシ「市民社会」概念の構造--「国家」概念の解読に向けて [in Japanese] 鈴木,富久 [in Japanese]
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This paper argues that Antonio Gramsci's concept of"civil society" constitutes a self-comprehending logical structure. Through his works, Gramsci defines"civil society"as follows : (1)the whole of"private"organizations, (2)"private"apparatus of hegemony, (3) hegemony, and (4)"a determinate social group"(a leading class). How can these four definitions be unified in one theory? The upper social group is the subject instituting"civil society". The hegemony is a function of this social group that organaizes"private"organizations of other social groups. Then the"private"apparatus of hegemony is the same with "private" organization of this social group itself. Consequently, the definition of the whole of"private"orgnizations comes under the total definition of"civil society". On the otherhand, "civil society"as the whole of"private"organizations means the social group itself which realized as a subject. That is, this social group has become a total"civil society"by instituting"civil society"as the whole of "private"organizations. In this sense,"civil society"in total has been identified with the social group. Therefore,"civil society"in total comprehends the social group that is the"civil society"itself. This is how Gramsci's concept of"civil society"is formed as a dialectical concept that comprehends itself.
- 桃山学院大学社会学論集 = St. Andrew's University sociological review
桃山学院大学社会学論集 = St. Andrew's University sociological review 38(1), 101-122, 2004-07