精神看護学領域の学会に関する海外の動向 Professional Organizations and Academic Conferences in Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing : An International Perspective

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海外の精神看護学分野の学会動向について,インターネット検索も交えながら,ここ数年かけて筆者らが実際に参加して把握した諸状況を報告した。アメリカには4つの団体が存在し,それらはThe American Psychiatric Nurses Association (APNA),Society for Education and Reserach in Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing(SERPN), International Soceity of Psychiatric Consultation Liason Nursing (ISPCLN), Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nurses (ACAPN)である。1999年からSERPN,ISPCLN,ACAPNが一つにまとまり,International Society of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurses (ISPN)となって年次大会も合同で開催するようになった。特徴は学術の発展とともに政策的パワーを発揮して実践の改革に取り組んでいる点である。イギリスには独立した組織は存在しないが,Royal College of Nursing (RCN)が企画運営する学会が2つある。The Network for Psychiatric Nursing Reserach (NPNR)と, European Mental Health Nursing Conferenceで,どちらも7回の年次大会を迎えたところである。NPNRは国際学会であり,後者はヨーロッパ中心の会議である。その他は,単発でカンファレンスが開かれることはあっても,カナダ,オーストラリア,北欧など定期的に学会を開催している組織は見あたらなかった。日本には,日本精神科看護技術協会と日本精神保健看護学会の2種類の団体があり,20年の学会の歴史をもつアメリカ,10年前後のイギリスとならんで,自己研鑽に励んできたことが改めて認められた。

This paper describes ways in which psychiatric and mental health nurses have organized professional organizations and presented academic conferences; the paper is based on our own experiences and internet search. There are four organizations in the United States; American Psychiatric Nurses Association (APNA), Society for Education and Research in Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing (SERPN), International Society of Psychiatric Consultation Liason Nursing (ISPCLN) and Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nurses (ACAPN). SERPN, ISPCLN and ACAPN united to establish the International Society of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurses (ISPN) in 1999. The purpose of their alliance was to increase the political power of nurses in the mental health field; However APNA still has not yet joined the alliance due to some organizational reason. The Royal College of Nursing in the United Kingdom has been organizing two academic conferences: International Conference of the Network for Psychiatric Nursing Research (NPNR) and European Mental Health Nursing Conference, both of which have had their seventh annual meetings. Psychiatric mental health nursing is a minor field, with smaller numbers of clinicians and researchers compared to other nursing fields. Thus, nurses in many other developed countries do not organize academic societies or even professional groups in this field. In Japan, we have the Japanese Psychiatric Nursing Association which has 30 to 40 thousand members and also the Japan Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. Only in Japan and the United States are there both professional and academic organizations. In Japan, it is mission of both organizations to foster international networking among psychiatric mental health nurses since our consumer group is still suffering fom stigma and unequal status every where in the world.

収録刊行物

  • 聖路加看護大学紀要

    聖路加看護大学紀要 (28), 116-122, 2002-03

    聖路加看護大学

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110000972025
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00130477
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 雑誌種別
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    02892863
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6207943
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z19-719
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS 
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