大学院修了生の動向 : 聖路加看護大学大学院1980〜2000(大学院将来構想プロジェクト) Experience of Graduates and Their Views about the Graduate School for the Future : St. Luke's College of Nursing Graduate School 1980-2000 (Graduate School Future Project)

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大学院開設20周年を迎え,20年間の大学院修了生の動向から本大学院の特性を探り,これからの大学院の方向性や指針に資することを目的とした。対象は,第1目修士修了生から2001年修了の全数278名,第1回博士課程修了生からの21名である。2001年7月に郵送による質問紙調査を行った。質問紙の構成は,(1)大学院入学の動機と達成度合,(2)看護職業人としての現在,(3)基礎教育からの将来へのpathways,(4)制度を合む大学院への期待,(5)属性,などである。有効回収率:36.4% (104/286)。その結果,(1)修了生の約8割は,私的な進学で,職場復帰が保証された休職扱いや経済的な援助のある研修扱いは2割であった。(2)進学の動機は,研究能力の向上・具体的な関心領域・テーマの追究・看護専門領域の能力の向 上・学習意欲の高まりなどが上位で,修了時に,9割以上がいずれの動機も達成できていた。(3)現在の仕事は,7割が教育関係,2割が臨床関係で,将来も就業継続を希望していた。(1)所属する国内学会は,修士生:4.9±2.3,博士生:6.9±3.9,最近5年間の筆頭論文件数は,修士生:3.7±3.1(1〜15),博士生:4.5±3.3(1〜12)。(5)大学院に必要な制度は,9割以上が実践スペシャリストの講師,次いで社会人入学制度,昼夜開講制,科目等履修制などである。(6)基礎教育終了後から将来への人生行路(pathways)は,多様なパターンに分類された。以上,修了生自らが,生涯にわたってキャリア形成を積極的に展開し,大学院での学習を選び,多様な生き方の広がりの中で,柔軟な学びやすい制度の導入を期待していた。大学院を中心とした看護プロフェッショナルな研究・教育・実践の連関レベルの維持と向上が,社会的な評価を定着させていくという循環的な関係を重視する大学院の方向性が示唆された。

St. Luke's College of Nursing Graduate School has celebrated its 20th anniversary. The objective of this study was describe characteristics of the graduates of the first 20 years and learn their ideas about graduate education in order to take them into consideration in our discussions of the future orientation and policies of the Graduate School. In July 2001 we mailed questionnaires to the 299 graduates (278 master's graduates and 21 doctoral graduates). Slightly more than one-third provided data for our study. The findings refer to both groups, with some detail presented for master and doctoral graduates separately. ・Of the graduates, 80% entered graduate school as private persons and 20% were taking official leave from their employers or receiving other support from them. ・Motivations for entering graduate school included: improvement of research ability, study in a field or theme of particular interest, improvement of ability in a special nursing field and motivation to learn more. More than 90% reported that these objectives were achieved. ・Their present occupations are: 70% in education-related positions; 20% in clinical settings. They wish to continue in their fields. ・Numbers of academic societies they were: master's, 4.9±2.3; doctoral, 6.9±3.9. All had written at least one research paper as first author in the last five years (master's, 3.7±3.1 (1〜15); doctoral, 4.5±3.3 (1〜12)). ・ Graduates indicated their preferences for the future direction of this college in response to a set of questions that listed system, program and policy options for graduate education. 90% wanted more lectures and courses from nurses in clinical practice. Among many other suggestions, in decreasing order of frequency, were: admission for working people, day and evening courses, programs of study organized on a course basis. ・Many patterns were seen as pathways from when they completed their basic nursing education to the future. Our conclusions: The graduates have high expectations for the Graduate School. They, themselves, wish to actively develop in their careers throughout their lives. They want the Graduate School to take into account the diversity in ways of life of professional nurses and allow students flexibility in their courses of study. With respect to graduate education in nursing, the committee sees that in future the Graduate School should focus more on the cyclic relationship among nursing research, education and practice. The Graduate School can become a focal point for maintaining and improving each and the linkage among them, there-by promoting its social and professional relevance.

収録刊行物

  • 聖路加看護大学紀要

    聖路加看護大学紀要 (29), 47-58, 2003-03

    聖路加看護大学

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110000972038
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00130477
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 雑誌種別
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    02892863
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6575368
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z19-719
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS 
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