妊娠経過に伴う乳房の発育状況と泌乳との関係  [in Japanese] Relationship between the Developmental Status of the Breast With the Course of Pregnancy and Secreted Milk  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

母乳哺育は児の成長ばかりでなく, 母と子の絆(attachment)の形成に重要な要素であると言われている1).本研究はこの母乳哺育の意義を念頭におきながら, 母乳栄養の確立, その援助・指導のための効果的基礎資料を得たく, 59名の妊婦を対象に妊娠の経過に伴って変化する乳房の形態とその増大状況, 並びに超音波画像による乳房内変化を追跡し, これらのデーターを基に母乳分泌との関連について分析・検討した.その結果, 1.乳房は妊娠12週前後に一度急激に発育し, 中期には殆ど変化が見られず, 妊娠24週を過ぎると著しく増大する.2.乳房の形態のみでは乳汁分泌の良否は判断できない.3.超音波画像は, 乳腺発達の程度が診断でき, 泌乳良否の予測が可能である.などが明らかとなった.このことから妊娠中の母親教育に際して乳房の外計測や超音波画像による乳房内の状況を個別に提示でき, 母乳哺育促進への動機づけに有用である, などが示唆された.

It has been reported that breast feeding is an important factor involved not only in the growth of infants but also in the formation of attachment between the mother and infant. To establish breast feeding and obtain effctive basic information for assistance and guidance, this study measured the morphological changes in the breast during the course of pregnancy, status of increase, and changes in the breast on ultrasonic images in 59 pregnant women, and examined the association of these parameters with milk secretion based on these finding, considering the significance of breast feeding. As a result, the following results were obtained; 1. Concerning increased breast, the breast rapidly increased at approximately week 12 of pregnancy, then there were no changes during the middle phase. The breast markedly increased after week 24 of pregnancy; 2. Milk secretion could not be evaluated by the morphology of the breast alone; 3. Ultrasonic images facilitated determination of the degree of mammary development and milk secretion. these findings suggest that breast measurements and ultrasonic findings can be individually given for mother education during pregnancy and that ultrasonic images are useful for promoting breast feeding.

Journal

  • The Journal of the Nursing Society of the Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University

    The Journal of the Nursing Society of the Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University (1), 89-96, 1998-03

    University of Toyama

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110001031748
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11340152
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    13441434
  • NDL Article ID
    5679292
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B352
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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