当短大生の月経に関する調査  [in Japanese] Student Menstruation Survey at This College  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

****18〜21才の84名の本学学生(女子)を対象に,女性性機能,女性の役割を認識させる一歩として,月経に関する実態調査を行った.調査内容を初経の状況,月経の状態,月経に伴う心身の変化と行動,月経のとらえ方の視点から検討した.その結果,初経教育は10〜12才に学校で受けた学生が多いが,初経を告げた相手は母親が多かった.月経に伴う心身の変化は月経前より月経中に腰痛,腹痛,憂うつなどが多かった.月経中の行動では控える行動は多いが積極的にとる行動は少なく,月経痛への対応も消極的対応が多かった.月経に関する記録は約半数の学生が取っていたが,月経の日のみの記録が多かった.月経のとらえ方はプラスイメージが多かった.初経時のお祝い,月経の持続日数,月経のとらえ方それぞれと現在の月経の不快症状との間に関連はみられなかった.以上のことから,今後,学生個々の状況を検討しながら,月経時の対応として体操,服薬,記録などについて指導する必要がある.また,それらを通じて女性の役割について考えさせていきたい.

This investigation was intended to make the students realize their sexual function and their role as females. The subjects of investigation were 18 to 24-year-old girl students of our college. We gave them questionnaires about the following points : the state of menarche, conditions of menstruation, physical and mental changes and actions accompanying menstruation, and their thinking on menstruation. The results were as follows : most students received their menarche education at the age of 10 to 12 at school, and told their menarche mostly to their mothers. As concomitant symptoms they mentioned lumbago, stomach cramps and depression not before or after menstruation but during. During menstruation they are likely to act not positively but rather passively toward menstruation. They cope with menstrual pains in a passive way. About half of the students have been making a menstrual record, but it is mostly about the dates only. Many students view menstruation favorably. The celebration at the time of menarche, duration days of menstruation and the attitude to menstruation, have no special relation with the present unpleasant symptoms accompanying menstruation. The survey told us that by examining individual data, we should give them guidance about physical exercises, taking medicine and recording details at the time of menstruation. Moreover, through this guidance we must make the students realize their feminine role.

Journal

  • The journal of Juntendo Medical College of Nursing

    The journal of Juntendo Medical College of Nursing 1, 31-38, 1990

    Juntendo University

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110001072296
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10386411
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    09156933
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NII-ELS 
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