Molecular evidence for phylogeny and the termite host specificity of exoparasitic fungi, Termitaria spp. (Termitariales : Deuteromycetes), from Japan

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Abstract

Members of the genus <i>Termitaria</i> are entomogenous exoparasitic deuteromycetes growing on the exoskeleton of various species of termites. Distinguished by sporodochial surface color, three types of <i>Termitaria</i> were found from six termite species of four genera from various localities in Japan: Black-type, White-type and Intermediate-type. Molecular phylogenetic analysis focusing on the genetic lineage of <i>Termitaria</i>, using sequences of the nucleotide 18S rRNA gene, suggested that these three types were actually different species. The resultant phylogenetic tree of <i>Termitaria</i> did not show any contradiction to the topology known in the host phylogeny. This suggests that there is a parallel cladogenesis between the hosts and fungi, and that there has been scarcely any detectable horizontal transmission of fungi between the host species. The only exception was found in Yakushima Is., where Black-type may have changed its host from <i>Hodotermopsis japonica</i> to <i>Reticulitermes speratus</i>.

Journal

  • Applied Entomology and Zoology

    Applied Entomology and Zoology 37(4), 571-576, 2002-11-25

    Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology

References:  27

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110001102689
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00543238
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00036862
  • NDL Article ID
    6364233
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR4(科学技術--生物学--動物)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-M423
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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