特性的自己効力感とネガティブな出来事に対する原因帰属および対処行動  [in Japanese] Effects of generalized self-efficacy on causal attribution and coping behavior for negative events.  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

特性的自己効力感(GSE)の高さにより, ネガティブな出来事に対する原因帰属と対処行動にどのような違いがみられるかを検討した.238名の大学生に, 2つのネガティブな場面を想定させ, それに対する原因帰属と, どのような対処行動をとるかを評定させた.その後, GSE尺度に評定させ, その尺度値をもとに被験者を高群と低群に分けた.各場面を重要であると評定した者のデータ(両場面とも166名)を用いて分析した結果, 高群・低群間の原因帰属のパターンの違い方は, 男性と女性で異なっていた.男性においては, 高群は低群よりも内的で統制可能な要因に帰属する傾向がみられたのに対し, 女性においては, 高群は低群に比べ内的な要因には帰属しない傾向がみられた.また, 男女とも高群のほうが次回に対する課題固有の自己効力感や積極的な対処行動の評定値は高く, 帰属傾向の群間差がこれらの群間差に結びついていると考えられる.

This study examined the effects of generalized self-efficacy(GSE)on causal attribution and coping behavior for negative events. Two negative events were described, and for each of them, 238 undergraduates were asked to imagine themselves being faced with the event, and rate the likelihood of six probable causes for it, how likely that they would adopt each of nine coping behaviors, their specific self-efficacy(SSE)to prevent it next time, and its seriousness. In addition, they filled a GSE scale. For each event, 166 students rated its seriousness as fairly to very serious, and were selected for further analysis. Results showed different patterns for men and women. Men with high GSE attributed the negative event more to internal and controllable causes, and less to external ones than those with low GSE. On the other hand, women with high GSE attributed it less to internal causes than those with low GSE. Both men and women with high GSE showed a higher SSE, and adopted more active coping behavior.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Personality

    The Japanese Journal of Personality 9(1), 1-10, 2000

    Japan Society of Personality Psychology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110001223674
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11512495
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1345-3629
  • NDL Article ID
    5647056
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS2(科学技術--心理学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B175
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
Page Top