有償労働の意味:共働き夫婦の生計維持分担意識の分析 Meaning of Paid Work:An Analysis of Working Couples' Attitudes Toward Joint Responsibility for Income-Earning

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Abstract

家事・育児・介護分担に関する研究が多数報告される中で, 生計維持分担に関する調査は十分になされてきたとは言えない.従来の研究では, 雇用と生計維持は必ずしも区別されず, 働く行為の意味が看過されてきた.本調査では, 同じようにフルタイムで継続就業する共働き夫婦といえども生計維持分担意識はさまざまであり, 分担意識の低い夫婦と高い夫婦が存在することが明らかになった.分担意識の低い夫婦においては, 生計維持者たる夫の仕事が妻の仕事より優先され, 家庭と仕事の両立が問題となるのはもっぱら妻の方であった.これに対し, 生計維持分担意識の高い夫婦は, 2人がともに生計維持者として就業を継続できるよう働き方を調整していた.これは, 夫婦両者の就業に一定の制約をもたらす一方で, 生計維持責任を1人で負担しなくてもよいことからくる自由度も与えていた.前者の夫婦は, どちらかと言えば旧来型の企業中心の生活を送る傾向が見られたのに対し, 後者の夫婦は, 脱企業中心のライフスタイルを希求するケースが多く, 働き方やライフスタイルが一部の階層で夫婦の選択となってきていることが示唆された.

Existing literature on dual-earning focuses more on the sharing of household responsibilities and less on the sharing of the provider role. Employment often is not distinguished from providing, and the meaning of work has not been examined in detail. Interviews with husbands and wives of full-time working couples reveal that even among couples where both spouses are continuously employed, wives' commitment to co-providing and husbands' expectations of their wives' commitment vary. Couples with husbands who do not count on their wives to earn income and wives who are not committed to work put priority on husbands' careers and consider it up to the wives to combine work and family. However, among couples that expect to be joint earners, both husbands and wives make adjustments to determine how they work in order to sustain each other's careers. Husbands of such couples are thus constrained but also gain some freedom that the husbands who shoulder the burden of providing singlehandedly do not enjoy. The joint-earner couples, in contradistinction to the more traditional husbands and wives, often seek lifestyles less wedded to the company. The research suggests that in certain sections of the Japanese society, couples are beginning to choose their preferred work and lifestyles.

Journal

  • Japanese Sociological Review

    Japanese Sociological Review 56(1), 165-181, 2005

    The Japan Sociological Society

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110001234946
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00109823
  • Text Lang
    UNK
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0021-5414
  • NDL Article ID
    7416196
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE1(社会・労働--社会科学・社会思想・社会学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-265
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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