青年期女子の体重・体型へのこだわりに影響を及ぼす要因:――親の養育行動と社会的要因からの検討  [in Japanese] Weight and Body Shape Concerns in Young Women: A Model of Parental Behavior and Social Environment  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究は,青年期女子の体重・体型へのこだわりに影響を及ぼすと考えられる要因を検討することを目的として行われた.1005名の女子学生を対象に質問紙調査を実施し,食行動と態度,身体状況,親の養育行動,および,体型に関する指摘,やせに対する価値観,メディアの影響,家族のやせ志向,友人のやせ志向を測定した.従来の先行研究に基づき,養育行動や社会的要因から体重・体型へのこだわりを示す「やせ願望」や「体型不満」を説明するモデルを構成し,共分散構造分析による検討を行った.分析の結果,「体型に関する指摘」を経験することは「やせに対する価値観」と関連していることが明らかになった.また,「体型に関する指摘」は直接「体型不満」に影響を与えていた.「やせ願望」に対しては「やせに対する価値観」,「メディアの影響」,「友人のやせ志向」が説明力を持っていた.養育行動については,「父親の過干渉傾向」のみが「体型不満」と関連を持ち,「父親の過干渉傾向」の強さは「体型不満」を弱めるということが示された.

This study examined factors that influenced weight and body shape concerns in Japanese female young adults. A questionnaire was administered to 1,005 female undergraduates, which assessed: their eagerness and behavior to be thin; dissatisfaction with their body; child-rearing behavior of their parents; past experience of comment and teasing about their weight and body shape; mass media influence; and importance of being thin for themselves, among family members, and among friends. Results indicated that experience of comment and teasing influenced both importance of being thin and body dissatisfaction. Eagerness to be thin was explained by importance of being thin, mass media influence, and the importance among friends. As for parental behavior, paternal overprotection led to less dissatisfaction with their body. Parental caring and maternal overprotection did not significantly contribute to the model. These results suggested that weight and body shape concerns in Japanese young women were influenced more by importance of being thin for themselves and among friends, and mass media than parental behavior.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Personality

    The Japanese Journal of Personality 13(2), 129-142, 2005

    Japan Society of Personality Psychology

Cited by:  3

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110001242849
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11873802
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    1348-8406
  • NDL Article ID
    7344443
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS2(科学技術--心理学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B175
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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