東北日本とその周辺の地方霊場と寺社分布 [in Japanese] The Local Sacred Places and the Distribution of Temples and Shrines in and around the Northeastern Japan [in Japanese]
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In this study, the landscapes of local sacred places were surveyed in and around northeastern Japan. Moreover, the distribution of prominent shrine and sect of temple were compared with that of sacred place. Furthermore, the complex characters of sacred place were examined based on them. The main results are as follows. 1) In the Hokuriku district, the sacred places are on the mountains, border of domain, foot of mountain, and seashore. The sacred points of them are seen in branch of a worship way, the mound on the seashore, small island and ridge of hill, etc. 2) In the Tohoku district, there are sacred places on the summit of hill in a plain part. And many sacred points are by the shrines and temples of asceticism. There are sacred places also in a city part, and those sacred points are located on the edge of a height. 3) In Edo/Tokyo, many sacred points are seen on the southern slope of valley on the eastern side of Musashino plateau. And the sacred place is concerned to the temple area which was formed with the city construction. 4) In and around northeastern Japan, a sacred place is connected with a specified prominent shrine, especially Kumano. 5) In and around northeastern Japan, a sacred place is connected also with a specified temple sect, especially Shingon and Zen. 6) The temple distribution is influenced by the relief of the area, and finally, it affects to the sacred place. 7) The castle town expanded in the early recent times, and the temple area formed on a suburb. It became the main sacred place in the city. 8) The sacred point was selected at the foot of a mountain, hill, etc., and they became the foundation of the sacred place. At these area, the temple of Tendai sect, Shingon sect, or the training place of asceticism were established. And they were chosen as the sacred place. Furthermore, the sacred place changed by the city construction. Also, the community was concerned with the pilgrimage on the sacred place. This life was thought as important by the temple and especially by pilgrim of the sacred place.
- Memoirs of the Faculty of Education,Toyama University
Memoirs of the Faculty of Education,Toyama University (59), 51-64, 2005-02
University of Toyama