閉経後の中高年女性に対するダンス/ムーブメントセラピーの短期的心身効果 : 感情と自覚的睡眠感を中心として [in Japanese] Short-term Psychosomatic Effects of Dance Movement Therapy on Postmenopausal Middle-aged Women : Focus on Emotion and the Subjective Feeling of Sleep [in Japanese]
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閉経後の健常中高年女性7名に対する夕刻50分間のダンス/ムーブメントセラピー(DMT)の心身効果を, 感情と目覚的睡眠感について調べた. 無理のない快適なペースの運動で構成されるDMTは被験者に好まれ, 申高年女性が継続的に取り組むのに適した軽度〜中等度強度(37.0±7.7SD%HRR)の運動負荷量であった. DMTによって感情(状態不安, 快感情, リラックス感)と自覚的睡眠感(眠気, 寝つき)が有意に改善し(p<0.05), 翌朝の目覚めはさわやかになった. また, DMT後に体の痛みこりは軽減し, 翌日昼食前の食欲も高まった(p<0.05). DMTは更年期女性の不定愁訴軽減に有効に作用すると考えられる.
Objectives : The short-term influence of Dance Movement Therapy (DMT) on postmenopausal middleaged women was considered mainly from emotional changes and the subjective feeling of sleep. Methods : Eight healthy postmenopausal women aged between 55-60 years old were allocated a DMT day and a control day so as to avoid order effect. DMT day : After supper (19:00-20:50), two subjects were asked to perform fifty minutes of DMT with a therapist at comfortable self-controlled pace while listening to BGM in the laboratory. Each subject rested in a chair in a climate-controlled chamber (26℃, 40% R.H.) for 30 minutes both before and after DMT. The Heart Rate Reserves of DMT (%HRR) were calculated by heartbeat, and the Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) was verbally assessed during DMT. Control day : each subject looked at a photographic collection for fifty minutes at the same time in the same chamber while listening to the same BGM. On both days, emotion was monitored using the Mood Check List-Short Form I (MCL-S.1) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI (X-1)). In order to learn the subjects' impressions, they were asked to complete questionnaires after each activity. The subjective feelings of sleep on each day were investigated by OSA subjective sleep rating scale. Subjective mind and body states were also asked until supper the next day by Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Statistical analyses of the change of each variable by each activity, the difference on the both days of each variable were carried out by ANOVA, Fisher PLSD, paired t-test, and so on. Results : As one subject had experienced a high stress event on the control day, only seven persons (age ; 57.4±1.7 SD) were actually analyzed (only OSA ; n=6, because of missing data). The exercise load of DMT was of slight-moderate intensity (%HRR ; 37.0±7.7, RPE ; 11.9±0.9). The subjects liked DMT. By practicing DMT, the subjects'emotions (pleasantness, relaxation and state-anxiety) and subjective feelings of sleep (sleepiness) improved significantly (p<0.05), and they awoke the next morning feeling more refreshed. Moreover, after DMT, the subjects suffered less body pain and stiffness, and experienced increased appetites before lunch the following day (p<0.05) . Conclusion : Fifty minutes of DMT Iate in the evening had a positive influence not only on emotions and the feeling of sleep, but also on the body states of middle-aged women. This positive influence began at the start of DMT and lasted until taking lunch of the following day. Comfortable self-paced DMT is a psychosomatic treatment suitable for menopausal \vomen to easily continue. It may be useful in the reduction of unidentified complaints of menopausal women.
- Japanese Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
Japanese Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine 45(2), 133-142, 2005
Japanese Society of Psychosomatic Medicine