九州・山口地方における多雨・高温に伴う1998年産麦の被害実態  [in Japanese] Damage of Wheat and Barley in 1998 Harvest Year by Unusual Weather in Kyushu and Yamaguchi districts  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

九州・山口地方における1997年11月から1998年6月にかけての麦作期間は,11月中下旬の長雨,暖冬,登熟期の異常高温と多雨などの異常気象となった.このため,1998年産麦は長雨による出芽不良,登熟期のおける湿害と赤かび病の蔓延により収穫が激減し,平年作を大きく下回った.とくに,熊本県では小麦の作況指数が8と近年稀にみる記録的な凶作となったのを始め,九州北部の各県では小麦および大麦の作況指数が40〜50台と著しく不良の年であった.福岡県内の営農組合を対象とした現地調査から,二条大麦(品種:ニシノチカラ)は播種前後の異常降雨による土壌水分の過多の影響により著しい出芽不良となり,出芽率は大きく低下した.1m^2当たりの穂数は45本であり,収量は平年単収332kg/10aを大きく下回る48kg/10a(平年比:14%)に留まった.

In Kyushu and Yamaguchi districts of Japan, poor emergence of wheat and barley was caused by a long rain in November, 1997. The long rain and high temperature at the reproductive stage also caused wet' injury and scab (Gibberella zeae (Schweinitz) Petch. Therefore, the yield and quality of wheat and barley were decreased. The crop situation index of two-rowed barley in Kumamoto Prefecture was only 8, while that in each prefecture in northern Kyushu district was 50〜60. The survey for the agricultural union in Fukuoka Prefecture showed that the yield of two-rowed barley was 48%/10a, which was about 14% of that in a normal year.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Crop Science

    Japanese Journal of Crop Science 68(2), 310-315, 1999-06-05

    The Crop Science Society of Japan

References:  6

Cited by:  3

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110001735643
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00189888
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00111848
  • NDL Article ID
    4768856
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-342
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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