学校と美術館の連携に関する考察 I : 美術館教育普及担当者への調査から [in Japanese] Collaboration between Schools and Art Museums I : Investigation into Museum Curators for Education [in Japanese]
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Recently, an interest in collaboration between schools and art museums has arisen, and various forms of cooperation have developed. There are still many problems remaining. The purpose of this research was to find areas of interest in which art museums and school education can collaborate. Therefore, two investigations were made in 1998 and 1999 with school teachers and museum curators for education. Actual conditions were determined from these answers. Subjects for collaboration are identified and described. This paper examines collaboration of schools and art museums on education in art appreciation from various standpoints. Following is an outline of the investigation results, targeting the museum staff where the study was carried out: 1. Museum management It is natural that collection, preservation, exhibition, regard for the interests of citizens and research are given as the purposes of establishing museums. "Contribution to the community" and "service to society" were often seen in the answers from both public and private museums. This reflects the tendency for museums to perform activities to keep in touch closely with their localities. 2. Education and extension Art museums which have special staff for education and extension comprise only 17% of the whole. The rest work without special staff (personnel are included in other sections). They attempt to give children pleasant experiences in art appreciation rather than specialized understanding of the art works. They try to increase an interest in art. 3. Museum activities and school education Education and extension staff develop exhibitions and various workshops which are consciously aware of the needs of children. The staff search seriously for collaboration with schools. It is desirable that both be in a relationship that is complementary. On the other hand, it is important to understand that the roles of curators and teachers are different. Large collaborations are difficult because of distance and the arrangement of hours for appreciation. The present conditions are insufficient, though the opportunity for staff interchange is important for both. In Section II, the results for school teachers and museum curators will be studied. A route for collaboration from that point is included.
- The Journal for the Association of Art Education
The Journal for the Association of Art Education 22(0), 13-28, 2001
The Association of Art Education